X
HOME HTML CSS JAVASCRIPT SQL PHP JQUERY XML ASP.NET MORE...
REFERENCES | EXAMPLES | FORUM | ABOUT

ASP.NET Web Forms - The DataList Control


The DataList control is, like the Repeater control, used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. However, the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default.


Bind a DataSet to a DataList Control

The DataList control is, like the Repeater control, used to display a repeated list of items that are bound to the control. However, the DataList control adds a table around the data items by default. The DataList control may be bound to a database table, an XML file, or another list of items. Here we will show how to bind an XML file to a DataList control.

We will use the following XML file in our examples ("cdcatalog.xml"):

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>

<catalog>
<cd>
  <title>Empire Burlesque</title>
  <artist>Bob Dylan</artist>
  <country>USA</country>
  <company>Columbia</company>
  <price>10.90</price>
  <year>1985</year>
</cd>
<cd>
  <title>Hide your heart</title>
  <artist>Bonnie Tyler</artist>
  <country>UK</country>
  <company>CBS Records</company>
  <price>9.90</price>
  <year>1988</year>
</cd>
<cd>
  <title>Greatest Hits</title>
  <artist>Dolly Parton</artist>
  <country>USA</country>
  <company>RCA</company>
  <price>9.90</price>
  <year>1982</year>
</cd>
<cd>
  <title>Still got the blues</title>
  <artist>Gary Moore</artist>
  <country>UK</country>
  <company>Virgin records</company>
  <price>10.20</price>
  <year>1990</year>
</cd>
<cd>
  <title>Eros</title>
  <artist>Eros Ramazzotti</artist>
  <country>EU</country>
  <company>BMG</company>
  <price>9.90</price>
  <year>1997</year>
</cd>
</catalog>

Take a look at the XML file: cdcatalog.xml

First, import the "System.Data" namespace. We need this namespace to work with DataSet objects. Include the following directive at the top of an .aspx page:

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

Next, create a DataSet for the XML file and load the XML file into the DataSet when the page is first loaded:

<script runat="server">
sub Page_Load
if Not Page.IsPostBack then
  dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet
  mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))
end if
end sub

Then we create a DataList in an .aspx page. The contents of the <HeaderTemplate> element are rendered first and only once within the output, then the contents of the <ItemTemplate> element are repeated for each "record" in the DataSet, and last, the contents of the <FooterTemplate> element are rendered once within the output:

<html>
<body>

<form runat="server">
<asp:DataList id="cdcatalog" runat="server">

<HeaderTemplate>
...
</HeaderTemplate>

<ItemTemplate>
...
</ItemTemplate>

<FooterTemplate>
...
</FooterTemplate>

</asp:DataList>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Then we add the script that creates the DataSet and binds the mycdcatalog DataSet to the DataList control. We also fill the DataList control with a <HeaderTemplate> that contains the header of the table, an <ItemTemplate> that contains the data items to display, and a <FooterTemplate> that contains a text. Note that the gridlines attribute of the DataList is set to "both" to display table borders:

Example

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<script runat="server">
sub Page_Load
if Not Page.IsPostBack then
  dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet
  mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))
  cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog
  cdcatalog.DataBind()
end if
end sub
</script>

<html>
<body>

<form runat="server">
<asp:DataList id="cdcatalog"
gridlines="both" runat="server">

<HeaderTemplate>
My CD Catalog
</HeaderTemplate>

<ItemTemplate>
"<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of
<%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> -
$<%#Container.DataItem("price")%>
</ItemTemplate>

<FooterTemplate>
Copyright Hege Refsnes
</FooterTemplate>

</asp:DataList>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Show example »

Using Styles

You can also add styles to the DataList control to make the output more fancy:

Example

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<script runat="server">
sub Page_Load
if Not Page.IsPostBack then
  dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet
  mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))
  cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog
  cdcatalog.DataBind()
end if
end sub
</script>

<html>
<body>

<form runat="server">
<asp:DataList id="cdcatalog"
runat="server"
cellpadding="2"
cellspacing="2"
borderstyle="inset"
backcolor="#e8e8e8"
width="100%"
headerstyle-font-name="Verdana"
headerstyle-font-size="12pt"
headerstyle-horizontalalign="center"
headerstyle-font-bold="true"
itemstyle-backcolor="#778899"
itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff"
footerstyle-font-size="9pt"
footerstyle-font-italic="true">

<HeaderTemplate>
My CD Catalog
</HeaderTemplate>

<ItemTemplate>
"<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of
<%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> -
$<%#Container.DataItem("price")%>
</ItemTemplate>

<FooterTemplate>
Copyright Hege Refsnes
</FooterTemplate>

</asp:DataList>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Show example »

Using the <AlternatingItemTemplate>

You can add an <AlternatingItemTemplate> element after the <ItemTemplate> element to describe the appearance of alternating rows of output. You may style the data in the <AlternatingItemTemplate> section within the DataList control:

Example

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<script runat="server">
sub Page_Load
if Not Page.IsPostBack then
dim mycdcatalog=New DataSet
mycdcatalog.ReadXml(MapPath("cdcatalog.xml"))
cdcatalog.DataSource=mycdcatalog
cdcatalog.DataBind()
end if
end sub
</script>

<html>
<body>

<form runat="server">
<asp:DataList id="cdcatalog"
runat="server"
cellpadding="2"
cellspacing="2"
borderstyle="inset"
backcolor="#e8e8e8"
width="100%"
headerstyle-font-name="Verdana"
headerstyle-font-size="12pt"
headerstyle-horizontalalign="center"
headerstyle-font-bold="True"
itemstyle-backcolor="#778899"
itemstyle-forecolor="#ffffff"
alternatingitemstyle-backcolor="#e8e8e8"
alternatingitemstyle-forecolor="#000000"
footerstyle-font-size="9pt"
footerstyle-font-italic="True">

<HeaderTemplate>
My CD Catalog
</HeaderTemplate>

<ItemTemplate>
"<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of
<%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> -
$<%#Container.DataItem("price")%>
</ItemTemplate>

<AlternatingItemTemplate>
"<%#Container.DataItem("title")%>" of
<%#Container.DataItem("artist")%> -
$<%#Container.DataItem("price")%>
</AlternatingItemTemplate>

<FooterTemplate>
&copy; Hege Refsnes
</FooterTemplate>

</asp:DataList>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Show example »


Your suggestion:

Close [X]

Thank You For Helping Us!

Your message has been sent to W3Schools.

Close [X]
Search w3schools.com:

WEB BUILDING

Download XML Editor FREE Website BUILDER Free HTML5 Templates FREE Website Templates Free HTML Templates

SHARE THIS PAGE

facebook