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AJAX XML Example


AJAX can be used for interactive communication with an XML file.


AJAX XML Example

The following example will demonstrate how a web page can fetch information from an XML file with AJAX:

Example


Try it yourself »


Example Explained - The stateChange() Function

When a user clicks on the "Get CD info" button above, the loadXMLDoc() function is executed.

The loadXMLDoc() function creates an XMLHttpRequest object, adds the function to be executed when the server response is ready, and sends the request off to the server.

When the server response is ready, an HTML table is built, nodes (elements) are extracted from the XML file, and it finally updates the txtCDInfo placeholder with the HTML table filled with XML data:

function loadXMLDoc(url)
{
var xmlhttp;
var txt,xx,x,i;
if (window.XMLHttpRequest)
  {// code for IE7+, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari
  xmlhttp=new XMLHttpRequest();
  }
else
  {// code for IE6, IE5
  xmlhttp=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
  }
xmlhttp.onreadystatechange=function()
  {
  if (xmlhttp.readyState==4 && xmlhttp.status==200)
    {
    txt="<table border='1'><tr><th>Title</th><th>Artist</th></tr>";
    x=xmlhttp.responseXML.documentElement.getElementsByTagName("CD");
    for (i=0;i<x.length;i++)
      {
      txt=txt + "<tr>";
      xx=x[i].getElementsByTagName("TITLE");
        {
        try
          {
          txt=txt + "<td>" + xx[0].firstChild.nodeValue + "</td>";
          }
        catch (er)
          {
          txt=txt + "<td>&nbsp;</td>";
          }
        }
    xx=x[i].getElementsByTagName("ARTIST");
      {
        try
          {
          txt=txt + "<td>" + xx[0].firstChild.nodeValue + "</td>";
          }
        catch (er)
          {
          txt=txt + "<td>&nbsp;</td>";
          }
        }
      txt=txt + "</tr>";
      }
    txt=txt + "</table>";
    document.getElementById('txtCDInfo').innerHTML=txt;
    }
  }
xmlhttp.open("GET",url,true);
xmlhttp.send();
}


The AJAX Server Page

The page on the server, used in the example above, is an XML file called "cd_catalog.xml".



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