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ADO Recordset Object


Examples

GetRows
This example demonstrates how to use the GetRows method.


Recordset Object

The ADO Recordset object is used to hold a set of records from a database table. A Recordset object consist of records and columns (fields).

In ADO, this object is the most important and the one used most often to manipulate data from a database.

ProgID

set objRecordset=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.recordset")

When you first open a Recordset, the current record pointer will point to the first record and the BOF and EOF properties are False. If there are no records, the BOF and EOF property are True.

Recordset objects can support two types of updating: 

  • Immediate updating - all changes are written immediately to the database once you call the Update method.
  • Batch updating - the provider will cache multiple changes and then send them to the database with the UpdateBatch method.

In ADO there are 4 different cursor types defined:

  • Dynamic cursor - Allows you to see additions, changes, and deletions by other users.
  • Keyset cursor - Like a dynamic cursor, except that you cannot see additions by other users, and it prevents access to records that other users have deleted. Data changes by other users will still be visible.
  • Static cursor - Provides a static copy of a recordset for you to use to find data or generate reports. Additions, changes, or deletions by other users will not be visible. This is the only type of cursor allowed when you open a client-side Recordset object.
  • Forward-only cursor - Allows you to only scroll forward through the Recordset. Additions, changes, or deletions by other users will not be visible. 

The cursor type can be set by the CursorType property or by the CursorType parameter in the Open method.

Note: Not all providers support all methods or properties of the Recordset object.


Properties

Property Description
AbsolutePage Sets or returns a value that specifies the page number in the Recordset object
AbsolutePosition Sets or returns a value that specifies the ordinal position of the current record in the Recordset object
ActiveCommand Returns the Command object associated with the Recordset
ActiveConnection Sets or returns a definition for a connection if the connection is closed, or the current Connection object if the connection is open
BOF Returns true if the current record position is before the first record, otherwise false
Bookmark Sets or returns a bookmark. The bookmark saves the position of the current record
CacheSize Sets or returns the number of records that can be cached
CursorLocation Sets or returns the location of the cursor service
CursorType Sets or returns the cursor type of a Recordset object
DataMember Sets or returns the name of the data member that will be retrieved from the object referenced by the DataSource property
DataSource Specifies an object containing data to be represented as a Recordset object
EditMode Returns the editing status of the current record
EOF Returns true if the current record position is after the last record, otherwise false
Filter Sets or returns a filter for the data in a Recordset object
Index Sets or returns the name of the current index for a Recordset object
LockType Sets or returns a value that specifies the type of locking when editing a record in a Recordset
MarshalOptions Sets or returns a value that specifies which records are to be returned to the server
MaxRecords Sets or returns the maximum number of records to return to a Recordset object from a query
PageCount Returns the number of pages with data in a Recordset object
PageSize Sets or returns the maximum number of records allowed on a single page of a Recordset object
RecordCount Returns the number of records in a Recordset object
Sort Sets or returns the field names in the Recordset to sort on
Source Sets a string value or a Command object reference, or returns a String value that indicates the data source of the Recordset object
State Returns a value that describes if the Recordset object is open, closed, connecting, executing or retrieving data
Status Returns the status of the current record with regard to batch updates or other bulk operations
StayInSync Sets or returns whether the reference to the child records will change when the parent record position changes

Methods

Method Description
AddNew Creates a new record
Cancel Cancels an execution
CancelBatch Cancels a batch update
CancelUpdate

Cancels changes made to a record of a Recordset object

Clone Creates a duplicate of an existing Recordset
Close Closes a Recordset
CompareBookmarks Compares two bookmarks
Delete Deletes a record or a group of records
Find Searches for a record in a Recordset that satisfies a specified criteria
GetRows Copies multiple records from a Recordset object into a two-dimensional array
GetString Returns a Recordset as a string
Move Moves the record pointer in a Recordset object
MoveFirst Moves the record pointer to the first record
MoveLast Moves the record pointer to the last record
MoveNext Moves the record pointer to the next record
MovePrevious Moves the record pointer to the previous record
NextRecordset Clears the current Recordset object and returns the next Recordset object by looping through a series of commands
Open Opens a database element that gives you access to records in a table, the results of a query, or to a saved Recordset
Requery Updates the data in a Recordset by re-executing the query that made the original Recordset
Resync Refreshes the data in the current Recordset from the original database
Save Saves a Recordset object to a file or a Stream object
Seek Searches the index of a Recordset to find a record that matches the specified values
Supports Returns a boolean value that defines whether or not a Recordset object supports a specific type of functionality
Update Saves all changes made to a single record  in a Recordset object
UpdateBatch Saves all changes in a Recordset to the database. Used when working in batch update mode

Events

Note:  You cannot handle events using VBScript or JScript (only Visual Basic, Visual C++, and Visual J++ languages can handle events).

Event Description
EndOfRecordset Triggered when you try to move to a record after the last record
FetchComplete Triggered after all records in an asynchronous operation have been fetched
FetchProgress Triggered periodically in an asynchronous operation, to state how many more records that have been fetched
FieldChangeComplete Triggered after the value of a Field object change
MoveComplete Triggered after the current position in the Recordset has changed
RecordChangeComplete Triggered after a record has changed
RecordsetChangeComplete Triggered after the Recordset has changed
WillChangeField Triggered before the value of a Field object change
WillChangeRecord Triggered before a record change
WillChangeRecordset Triggered before a Recordset change
WillMove Triggered before the current position in the Recordset changes

Collections

Collection Description
Fields Indicates the number of Field objects in the Recordset object
Properties Contains all the Property objects in the Recordset object

The Fields Collection's Properties

Property Description
Count Returns the number of items in the fields collection. Starts at zero.

Example:

countfields=rs.Fields.Count

Item(named_item/number) Returns a specified item in the fields collection.

Example:

itemfields=rs.Fields.Item(1)
or
itemfields=rs.Fields.Item("Name")

The Properties Collection's Properties

Property Description
Count Returns the number of items in the properties collection. Starts at zero.

Example:

countprop=rs.Properties.Count

Item(named_item/number) Returns a specified item in the properties collection.

Example:

itemprop = rs.Properties.Item(1)
or
itemprop=rs.Properties.Item("Name")



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