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XML DOM - Properties and Methods


Properties and methods define the programming interface to the XML DOM.


Programming Interface

The DOM models XML as a set of node objects. The nodes can be accessed with JavaScript or other programming languages. In this tutorial we use JavaScript.

The programming interface to the DOM is defined by a set standard properties and methods.

Properties are often referred to as something that is (i.e. nodename is "book").

Methods are often referred to as something that is done (i.e. delete "book").


XML DOM Properties

These are some typical DOM properties:

  • x.nodeName - the name of x
  • x.nodeValue - the value of x
  • x.parentNode - the parent node of x
  • x.childNodes - the child nodes of x
  • x.attributes - the attributes nodes of x

Note: In the list above, x is a node object.


XML DOM Methods

  • x.getElementsByTagName(name) - get all elements with a specified tag name
  • x.appendChild(node) - insert a child node to x
  • x.removeChild(node) - remove a child node from x

Note: In the list above, x is a node object.


Example

The JavaScript code to get the text from the first <title> element in books.xml:

txt=xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("title")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue

After the execution of the statement, txt will hold the value "Everyday Italian"

Explained:

  • xmlDoc - the XML DOM object created by the parser.
  • getElementsByTagName("title")[0] - the first <title> element
  • childNodes[0] - the first child of the <title> element (the text node)
  • nodeValue - the value of the node (the text itself)


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