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XML DOM Traverse Node Tree


Traversing means looping through or traveling across the node tree.


Traversing the Node Tree

Often you want to loop an XML document, for example: when you want to extract the value of each element.

This is called "Traversing the node tree"

The example below loops through all child nodes of <book>, and displays their names and values:

Example

<html>
<head>
<script src="loadxmlstring.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<script>
var text="<book>";
text=text+"<title>Everyday Italian</title>";
text=text+"<author>Giada De Laurentiis</author>";
text=text+"<year>2005</year>";
text=text+"</book>";

var xmlDoc=loadXMLString(text);

// documentElement always represents the root node
var x=xmlDoc.documentElement.childNodes;

for (i=0;i<x.length;i++)
  {
  document.write(x[i].nodeName);
  document.write(": ");
  document.write(x[i].childNodes[0].nodeValue);
  document.write("<br>");
  }
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output:

title: Everyday Italian
author: Giada De Laurentiis
year: 2005

Try it yourself »

Example explained:

  1. loadXMLString() loads the XML string into xmlDoc
  2. Get the child nodes of the root element
  3. For each child node, output the node name and the node value of the text node


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