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JavaScript Array Reference


Array Object

The Array object is used to store multiple values in a single variable:

var cars = ["Saab", "Volvo", "BMW"];

Array indexes are zero-based: The first element in the array is 0, the second is 1, and so on.

For a tutorial about Arrays, read our JavaScript Array Tutorial.


Array Properties

Property Description
constructor Returns the function that created the Array object's prototype
length Sets or returns the number of elements in an array
prototype Allows you to add properties and methods to an Array object

Array Methods

Method Description
concat() Joins two or more arrays, and returns a copy of the joined arrays
every() Checks if every element in an array pass a test
filter() Creates a new array with every element in an array that pass a test
forEach() Calls a function for each array element
indexOf() Search the array for an element and returns its position
isArray() Checks whether an object is an array
join() Joins all elements of an array into a string
lastIndexOf() Search the array for an element, starting at the end, and returns its position
map() Creates a new array with the result of calling a function for each array element
pop() Removes the last element of an array, and returns that element
push() Adds new elements to the end of an array, and returns the new length
reverse() Reverses the order of the elements in an array
shift() Removes the first element of an array, and returns that element
slice() Selects a part of an array, and returns the new array
some() Checks if any of the elements in an array pass a test
sort() Sorts the elements of an array
splice() Adds/Removes elements from an array
toString() Converts an array to a string, and returns the result
unshift() Adds new elements to the beginning of an array, and returns the new length
valueOf() Returns the primitive value of an array