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SVG Gradients - Linear


SVG Gradients

A gradient is a smooth transition from one color to another. In addition, several color transitions can be applied to the same element.

There are two main types of gradients in SVG:

  • Linear
  • Radial

SVG Linear Gradient - <linearGradient>

The <linearGradient> element is used to define a linear gradient.

The <linearGradient> element must be nested within a <defs> tag. The <defs> tag is short for definitions and contains definition of special elements (such as gradients).

Linear gradients can be defined as horizontal, vertical or angular gradients:

  • Horizontal gradients are created when y1 and y2 are equal and x1 and x2 differ
  • Vertical gradients are created when x1 and x2 are equal and y1 and y2 differ
  • Angular gradients are created when x1 and x2 differ and y1 and y2 differ

Example 1

Define an ellipse with a horizontal linear gradient from yellow to red:

Sorry, your browser does not support inline SVG.

Here is the SVG code:

Example

<svg height="150" width="400">
  <defs>
    <linearGradient id="grad1" x1="0%" y1="0%" x2="100%" y2="0%">
      <stop offset="0%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,255,0);stop-opacity:1" />
      <stop offset="100%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,0,0);stop-opacity:1" />
    </linearGradient>
  </defs>
  <ellipse cx="200" cy="70" rx="85" ry="55" fill="url(#grad1)" />
</svg>

Try it yourself »

Code explanation:

  • The id attribute of the <linearGradient> tag defines a unique name for the gradient
  • The x1, x2, y1,y2 attributes of the <linearGradient> tag define the start and end position of the gradient
  • The color range for a gradient can be composed of two or more colors. Each color is specified with a <stop> tag. The offset attribute is used to define where the gradient color begin and end
  • The fill attribute links the ellipse element to the gradient

Example 2

Define an ellipse with a vertical linear gradient from yellow to red:

Sorry, your browser does not support inline SVG.

Here is the SVG code:

Example

<svg height="150" width="400">
  <defs>
    <linearGradient id="grad2" x1="0%" y1="0%" x2="0%" y2="100%">
      <stop offset="0%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,255,0);stop-opacity:1" />
      <stop offset="100%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,0,0);stop-opacity:1" />
    </linearGradient>
  </defs>
  <ellipse cx="200" cy="70" rx="85" ry="55" fill="url(#grad2)" />
</svg>

Try it yourself »


Example 3

Define an ellipse with a horizontal linear gradient from yellow to red, and add a text inside the ellipse:

SVG Sorry, your browser does not support inline SVG.

Here is the SVG code:

Example

<svg height="150" width="400">
  <defs>
    <linearGradient id="grad3" x1="0%" y1="0%" x2="100%" y2="0%">
      <stop offset="0%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,255,0);stop-opacity:1" />
      <stop offset="100%" style="stop-color:rgb(255,0,0);stop-opacity:1" />
    </linearGradient>
  </defs>
  <ellipse cx="200" cy="70" rx="85" ry="55" fill="url(#grad3)" />
  <text fill="#ffffff" font-size="45" font-family="Verdana" x="150" y="86">
  SVG</text>
</svg>

Try it yourself »

Code explanation:

  • The <text> element is used to add a text


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