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RDF Container Elements


RDF containers are used to describe group of things.

The following RDF elements are used to describe groups: <Bag>, <Seq>, and <Alt>.


The <rdf:Bag> Element

The <rdf:Bag> element is used to describe a list of values that do not have to be in a specific order.

The <rdf:Bag> element may contain duplicate values.

Example

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<rdf:RDF
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
xmlns:cd="http://www.recshop.fake/cd#">

<rdf:Description
rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Beatles">
  <cd:artist>
    <rdf:Bag>
      <rdf:li>John</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Paul</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>George</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Ringo</rdf:li>
    </rdf:Bag>
  </cd:artist>
</rdf:Description>

</rdf:RDF>


The <rdf:Seq> Element

The <rdf:Seq> element is used to describe an ordered list of values (For example, in alphabetical order).

The <rdf:Seq> element may contain duplicate values.

Example

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<rdf:RDF
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
xmlns:cd="http://www.recshop.fake/cd#">

<rdf:Description
rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Beatles">
  <cd:artist>
    <rdf:Seq>
      <rdf:li>George</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>John</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Paul</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Ringo</rdf:li>
    </rdf:Seq>
  </cd:artist>
</rdf:Description>

</rdf:RDF>


The <rdf:Alt> Element

The <rdf:Alt> element is used to describe a list of alternative values (the user can select only one of the values).

Example

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<rdf:RDF
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
xmlns:cd="http://www.recshop.fake/cd#">

<rdf:Description
rdf:about="http://www.recshop.fake/cd/Beatles">
  <cd:format>
    <rdf:Alt>
      <rdf:li>CD</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Record</rdf:li>
      <rdf:li>Tape</rdf:li>
    </rdf:Alt>
  </cd:format>
</rdf:Description>

</rdf:RDF>


RDF Terms

In the examples above we have talked about "list of values" when describing the container elements. In RDF these "list of values" are called members.

So, we have the following:

  • A container is a resource that contains things
  • The contained things are called members (not list of values)


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