XSL-FO cue-before and cue-after Properties


Definition and Usage

The cue-before and cue-after properties are used only in Aural Stylesheets.

The aural rendering of a document combines sounds and voices to go through the content of a document. Aural presentation occurs often by converting the document to plain text and then feeding this to a screen reader.

Situations and markets for listening to information could be:

  • for blind people
  • in the car
  • help users learning to read

Azimuth and elevation are important properties for aural presentation. These properties are used to keep several voices apart. In real life, all the people do not stand in the same spot in a room.

The cue-before property specifies a sound to play before a specific element.

The cue-after property specifies a sound to play after a specific element.


  • Inherited: no
  • Percentages: N/A
  • Media: aural

Property Values

Value Description
URI An URI to an audio file
none Default. No audio file specified



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