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JavaScript Popup Boxes


JavaScript has three kind of popup boxes: Alert box, Confirm box, and Prompt box.


Alert Box

An alert box is often used if you want to make sure information comes through to the user.

When an alert box pops up, the user will have to click "OK" to proceed.

Syntax

window.alert("sometext");

The window.alert() method can be written without the window prefix.

Example

alert("I am an alert box!");
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Confirm Box

A confirm box is often used if you want the user to verify or accept something.

When a confirm box pops up, the user will have to click either "OK" or "Cancel" to proceed.

If the user clicks "OK", the box returns true. If the user clicks "Cancel", the box returns false.

Syntax

window.confirm("sometext");

The window.confirm() method can be written without the window prefix.

Example

var r = confirm("Press a button");
if (r == true) {
    x = "You pressed OK!";
} else {
    x = "You pressed Cancel!";
}
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Prompt Box

A prompt box is often used if you want the user to input a value before entering a page.

When a prompt box pops up, the user will have to click either "OK" or "Cancel" to proceed after entering an input value.

If the user clicks "OK" the box returns the input value. If the user clicks "Cancel" the box returns null.

Syntax

window.prompt("sometext","defaultText");

The window.prompt() method can be written without the window prefix.

Example

var person = prompt("Please enter your name", "Harry Potter");
if (person != null) {
    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML =
    "Hello " + person + "! How are you today?";
}
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Line Breaks

To display line breaks inside a popup box, use a back-slash followed by the character n.

Example

alert("Hello\nHow are you?");
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