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XPath Tutorial

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XSLT Tutorial

XSLT Introduction XSL Languages XSLT Transform XSLT <template> XSLT <value-of> XSLT <for-each> XSLT <sort> XSLT <if> XSLT <choose> XSLT Apply XSLT on the Client XSLT on the Server XSLT Edit XML XSLT Examples

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XML DTD

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XSD Introduction XSD How To XSD <schema> XSD Elements XSD Attributes XSD Restrictions

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XML Services XML WSDL XML SOAP XML RDF XML RSS

References

DOM Node Types DOM Node DOM NodeList DOM NamedNodeMap DOM Document DOM Element DOM Attribute DOM Text DOM CDATA DOM Comment DOM XMLHttpRequest DOM Parser XSLT Elements XSLT/XPath Functions

XML Applications


This chapter demonstrates some HTML applications using XML, HTTP, DOM, and JavaScript.


The XML Document Used

In this chapter we will use the XML file called "cd_catalog.xml".


Display XML Data in an HTML Table

This example loops through each <CD> element, and displays the values of the <ARTIST> and the <TITLE> elements in an HTML table:

Example

<html>
<head>
<style>
table, th, td {
  border: 1px solid black;
  border-collapse:collapse;
}
th, td {
  padding: 5px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<table id="demo"></table>

<script>
function loadXMLDoc() {
  var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
  xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
    if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
      myFunction(this);
    }
  };
  xmlhttp.open("GET", "cd_catalog.xml", true);
  xmlhttp.send();
}
function myFunction(xml) {
  var i;
  var xmlDoc = xml.responseXML;
  var table="<tr><th>Artist</th><th>Title</th></tr>";
  var x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("CD");
  for (i = 0; i <x.length; i++) {
    table += "<tr><td>" +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("ARTIST")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "</td><td>" +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("TITLE")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "</td></tr>";
  }
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = table;
}
</script>

</body>
</html>
Try it Yourself »

For more information about using JavaScript and the XML DOM, go to DOM Intro.


Display the First CD in an HTML div Element

Ths example uses a function to display the first CD element in an HTML element with id="showCD":

Example

displayCD(0);

function displayCD(i) {
    var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
    xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200) {
            myFunction(this, i);
        }
    };
    xmlhttp.open("GET", "cd_catalog.xml", true);
    xmlhttp.send();
}

function myFunction(xml, i) {
    var xmlDoc = xml.responseXML;
    x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("CD");
    document.getElementById("showCD").innerHTML =
    "Artist: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("ARTIST")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "<br>Title: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("TITLE")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue +
    "<br>Year: " +
    x[i].getElementsByTagName("YEAR")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
}
Try it Yourself »

Navigate Between the CDs

To navigate between the CDs, in the example above, add a next() and previous() function:

Example

function next() {
  // display the next CD, unless you are on the last CD
  if (i < x.length-1) {
    i++;
    displayCD(i);
  }
}

function previous() {
  // display the previous CD, unless you are on the first CD
  if (i > 0) {
  i--;
  displayCD(i);
  }
}
Try it Yourself »

Show Album Information When Clicking On a CD

The last example shows how you can show album information when the user clicks on a CD:

Try it yourself.