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CSS Properties

align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-shadow box-sizing caption-side clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight hanging-punctuation height justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width nav-down nav-index nav-left nav-right nav-up opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index


CSS3 animation-timing-function Property


Play an animation with the same speed from beginning to end:

div {
    -webkit-animation-timing-function: linear; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
    animation-timing-function: linear;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The animation-timing-function specifies the speed curve of an animation.

The speed curve defines the TIME an animation uses to change from one set of CSS styles to another.

The speed curve is used to make the changes smoothly.

Default value: ease
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax:"linear" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, or -o- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

animation-timing-function 43.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
5.0 -moz-
4.0 -webkit-
15.0 -webkit-
12.0 -o-

CSS Syntax

animation-timing-function: linear|ease|ease-in|ease-out|ease-in-out|step-start|step-end|steps(int,start|end)|cubic-bezier(n,n,n,n)|initial|inherit;

The animation-timing-function uses a mathematical function, called the Cubic Bezier curve, to make the speed curve. You can use your own values in this function, or use one of the pre-defined values:

Property Values

Value Description Play it
linear The animation has the same speed from start to end Play it »
ease Default value. The animation has a slow start, then fast, before it ends slowly Play it »
ease-in The animation has a slow start Play it »
ease-out The animation has a slow end Play it »
ease-in-out The animation has both a slow start and a slow end Play it »
step-start Equivalent to steps(1, start)
step-end Equivalent to steps(1, end)
steps(int,start|end) Specifies a stepping function, with two parameters. The first parameter specifies the number of intervals in the function. It must be a positive integer (greater than 0). The second parameter, which is optional, is either the value "start" or "end", and specifies the point at which the change of values occur within the interval. If the second parameter is omitted, it is given the value "end"
cubic-bezier(n,n,n,n) Define your own values in the cubic-bezier function
Possible values are numeric values from 0 to 1
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Tip: Try the different values in the Try it Yourself section below.


More Examples


To better understand the different timing function values;
Here are five different <div> elements with five different values:

/* For Chrome, Safari and Opera */
#div1 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: linear;}
#div2 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: ease;}
#div3 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: ease-in;}
#div4 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: ease-out;}
#div5 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: ease-in-out;}

/* Standard syntax */
#div1 {animation-timing-function: linear;}
#div2 {animation-timing-function: ease;}
#div3 {animation-timing-function: ease-in;}
#div4 {animation-timing-function: ease-out;}
#div5 {animation-timing-function: ease-in-out;}
Try it Yourself »


Same as the example above, but the speed curves are defined with the cubic-bezier function:

/* For Chrome, Safari and Opera */
#div1 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0,0,1,1);}
#div2 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.25,0.1,0.25,1);}
#div3 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.42,0,1,1);}
#div4 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0,0,0.58,1);}
#div5 {-webkit-animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.42,0,0.58,1);}

/* Standard syntax */
#div1 {animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0,0,1,1);}
#div2 {animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.25,0.1,0.25,1);}
#div3 {animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.42,0,1,1);}
#div4 {animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0,0,0.58,1);}
#div5 {animation-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.42,0,0.58,1);}
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

CSS3 tutorial: CSS3 Animations

HTML DOM reference: animationTimingFunction property