Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.
HTML links are hyperlinks.
A hyperlink is a text or an image you can click on, and jump to another document.
In HTML, links are defined with the <a> tag:
The href attribute specifies the destination address (http://www.w3schools.com/html/)
The link text is the visible part (Visit our HTML tutorial).
Clicking on the link text, will send you to the specified address.
|The link text does not have to be text. It can be an HTML image or any other HTML element.|
The example above used an absolute URL (A full web address).
A local link (link to the same web site) is specified with a relative URL (without http://www....).
When you move the mouse cursor over a link, two things will normally happen:
By default, links will appear as this in all browsers:
You can change the defaults, using styles:
The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.
This example will open the linked document in a new browser window or in a new tab:
|_blank||Opens the linked document in a new window or tab|
|_self||Opens the linked document in the same frame as it was clicked (this is default)|
|_parent||Opens the linked document in the parent frame|
|_top||Opens the linked document in the full body of the window|
|framename||Opens the linked document in a named frame|
If your webpage is locked in a frame, you can use target="_top" to break out of the frame:
It is common to use images as links:
|border:0 is added to prevent IE9 (and earlier) from displaying a border around the image.|
The id attribute can be used to create bookmarks inside HTML documents.
Bookmarks are not displayed in any special way. They are invisible to the reader.
Add an id attribute to any <a> element:
Then create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section):
Or, create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section) from another page:
|Without a trailing slash on subfolder addresses, you might generate two requests to the server.
Many servers will automatically add a slash to the address, and then create a new request.
|<a>||Defines a hyperlink|