X
HOME HTML CSS JAVASCRIPT SQL PHP JQUERY ANGULAR BOOTSTRAP XML ASP.NET MORE...
REFERENCES | EXAMPLES | FORUM | ABOUT

HTML Links


Links are found in nearly all web pages. Links allow users to click their way from page to page.


HTML Links - Hyperlinks

HTML links are hyperlinks.

A hyperlink is an element, a text, or an image that you can click on, and jump to another document.


HTML Links - Syntax

In HTML, links are defined with the <a> tag:

Link Syntax:

<a href="url">link text</a>

Example:

<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/">Visit our HTML tutorial</a>

Try it Yourself »

The href attribute specifies the destination address (http://www.w3schools.com/html/)

The link text is the visible part (Visit our HTML tutorial).

Clicking on the link text, will send you to the specified address.

Note The link text does not have to be text. It can be an HTML image or any other HTML element.


Local Links

The example above used an absolute URL (A full web address).

A local link (link to the same web site) is specified with a relative URL (without http://www....).

Example:

<a href="html_images.asp">HTML Images</a>

Try it Yourself »


HTML Links - Colors and Icons

When you move the mouse cursor over a link, two things will normally happen:

  • The mouse arrow will turn into a little hand
  • The color of the link element will change

By default, links will appear as this in all browsers:

  • An unvisited link is underlined and blue
  • A visited link is underlined and purple
  • An active link is underlined and red

You can change the default colors, using styles:

Example

<style>
a a:link  {color:#000000; background-color:transparent}
a:visited {color:#000000; background-color:transparent}
a:hover   {color:#ff0000; background-color:transparent}
a:active  {color:#ff0000; background-color:transparent}
</style>

Try it Yourself »


HTML Links - The target Attribute

The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.

This example will open the linked document in a new browser window or in a new tab:

Example

<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/" target="_blank">Visit W3Schools!</a>

Try it Yourself »

Target Value Description
_blank Opens the linked document in a new window or tab
_self Opens the linked document in the same frame as it was clicked (this is default)
_parent Opens the linked document in the parent frame
_top Opens the linked document in the full body of the window
framename Opens the linked document in a named frame

If your webpage is locked in a frame, you can use target="_top" to break out of the frame:

Example

<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html/" target="_top">HTML5 tutorial!</a>

Try it Yourself »


HTML Links - Image as Link

It is common to use images as links:

Example

<a href="default.asp">
  <img src="smiley.gif" alt="HTML tutorial" style="width:42px;height:42px;border:0">
</a>

Try it Yourself »

Note border:0 is added to prevent IE9 (and earlier) from displaying a border around the image.


HTML Links - The id Attribute

The id attribute can be used to create bookmarks inside HTML documents.

Bookmarks are not displayed in any special way. They are invisible to the reader.

Example

Add an id attribute to any <a> element:

<a id="tips">Useful Tips Section</a>

Then create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section):

<a href="#tips">Visit the Useful Tips Section</a>

Or, create a link to the <a> element (Useful Tips Section) from another page:

<a href="http://www.w3schools.com/html_links.htm#tips">Visit the Useful Tips Section</a>

Try it Yourself »

Note Without a trailing slash on subfolder addresses, you might generate two requests to the server.
Many servers will automatically add a slash to the address, and then create a new request.


Chapter Summary

  • Use the HTML <a> element to define a link
  • Use the HTML href attribute to define the link address
  • Use the HTML target attribute to define where to open the linked document
  • Use the HTML <img> element (inside <a>) to use an image as a link
  • Use the HTML id attribute (id=value) to define bookmarks in a page
  • Use the HTML href attribute (href="#value") to address the bookmark

Examples

Try it Yourself Summary

An HTML link, using an absolute URL

An HTML link, using a relative URL

Changing the color of an HTML link

Removing the underline from HTML links

Setting the target of an HTML link

Using an HTML image as a link

HTML links: using a bookmark

Breaking out of an HTML frame

An HTML a mailto link

An HTML a mailto link with a subject


Test Yourself Exercises

Exercise 1 »    Exercise 2 »    Exercise 3 »    Exercise 4 »    Exercise 5 »   


HTML Link Tags

Tag Description
<a>Defines a hyperlink



Your suggestion:

Close [X]

Thank You For Helping Us!

Your message has been sent to W3Schools.

Close [X]
Search w3schools.com:

WEB HOSTING

UK Reseller Hosting

WEB BUILDING

Download XML Editor FREE Website BUILDER Free HTML5 Templates

SHARE THIS PAGE

facebook