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CSS Layout - float and clear


The float property specifies whether or not an element should float.

The clear property is used to control the behavior of floating elements.


The float Property

In its simplest use, the float property can be used to wrap text around images.

The following example specifies that an image should float to the right in a text:

Example

img {
    float: right;
    margin: 0 0 10px 10px;
}

Try it yourself »

The clear Property

The clear property is used to control the behavior of floating elements.

Elements after a floating element will flow around it. To avoid this, use the clear property.

The clear property specifies on which sides of an element floating elements are not allowed to float:

Example

div {
    clear: left;
}

Try it yourself »

The clearfix Hack - overflow: auto;

If an element is taller than the element containing it, and it is floated, it will overflow outside of its container.

Then we can add overflow: auto; to the containing element to fix this problem:

Example

.clearfix {
    overflow: auto;
}

Try it yourself »

Web Layout Example

It is common to do entire web layouts using the float property:

Example

div {
    border: 3px solid blue;
}

.clearfix {
    overflow: auto;
}

nav {
    float: left;
    width: 200px;
    border: 3px solid #8AC007;
}

section {
    margin-left: 206px;
    border: 3px solid red;
}

Try it yourself »

Examples

More Examples

An image with border and margins that floats to the right in a paragraph
Let an image float to the right in a paragraph. Add border and margins to the image.

An image with a caption that floats to the right
Let an image with a caption float to the right.

Let the first letter of a paragraph float to the left
Let the first letter of a paragraph float to the left and style the letter.

Creating a horizontal menu
Use float with a list of hyperlinks to create a horizontal menu.

Creating a homepage without tables
Use float to create a homepage with a header, footer, left content and main content.


All CSS Float Properties

Property Description Values
clear Specifies on which sides of an element where floating elements are not allowed to float left
right
both
none
inherit
float Specifies whether or not an element should float left
right
none
inherit


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