HTML5 provides a standard for playing audio files.
Audio on the Web
Before HTML5, there was no standard for playing audio files on a web page.
Before HTML5, audio files could only be played with a plug-in (like flash).
The HTML5 <audio> element specifies a standard way to embed audio in a web page.
Internet Explorer 9+, Firefox, Opera, Chrome, and Safari support the <audio> element.
Note: Internet Explorer 8 and earlier versions, do not support the <audio> element.
The HTML <audio> Element
To play an audio file in HTML, use the <audio> element:
<source src="horse.ogg" type="audio/ogg">
<source src="horse.mp3" type="audio/mpeg">
Your browser does not support the audio element.
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HTML Audio - How It Works
The controls attribute adds audio controls, like play, pause, and volume.
Text between the <audio> and </audio> tags will display in browsers that do not support the <audio> element.
Multiple <source> elements can link to different audio files. The browser will use the first recognized format.
HTML Audio - Browser Support
Currently, there are 3 supported file formats for the <audio> element: MP3, Wav, and Ogg:
HTML Audio - Media Types
|File Format||Media Type|
HTML Audio - Methods, Properties, and Events
HTML5 defines DOM methods, properties, and events for the <audio> element.
This allows you to load, play, and pause audios, as well as setting duration and volume.
There are also DOM events that can notify you when an audio begins to play, is paused, etc.
For a full DOM reference, go to our HTML5 Audio/Video DOM Reference.
HTML5 Audio Tags
|<audio>||Defines sound content|
|<source>||Defines multiple media resources for media elements, such as <video> and <audio>|
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