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HTML Audio


HTML5 provides a standard for playing audio files.


Audio on the Web

Before HTML5, there was no standard for playing audio files on a web page.

Before HTML5, audio files had to be played with a plug-in (like flash). However, different browsers supported different plug-ins.

HTML5 defines a new element which specifies a standard way to embed an audio file on a web page: the <audio> element.


Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari

Internet Explorer 9+, Firefox, Opera, Chrome, and Safari support the <audio> element.

Note: Internet Explorer 8 and earlier versions, do not support the <audio> element.


The HTML <audio> Element

To play an audio file in HTML, use the <audio> element:

Example

<audio controls>
  <source src="horse.ogg" type="audio/ogg">
  <source src="horse.mp3" type="audio/mpeg">
Your browser does not support the audio element.
</audio>

Try it yourself »


HTML Audio - How It Works

The controls attribute adds audio controls, like play, pause, and volume.

Text between the <audio> and </audio> tags will display in browsers that do not support the <audio> element.

Multiple <source> elements can link to different audio files. The browser will use the first recognized format.


HTML Audio - Browser Support

Currently, there are 3 supported file formats for the <audio> element: MP3, Wav, and Ogg:

Browser MP3 Wav Ogg
Internet Explorer YES NO NO
Chrome YES YES YES
Firefox YES YES YES
Safari YES YES NO
Opera NO YES YES


HTML Audio - Media Types

File Format Media Type
MP3 audio/mpeg
Ogg audio/ogg
Wav audio/wav


HTML Audio - Methods, Properties, and Events

HTML5 defines DOM methods, properties, and events for the <audio> element.

This allows you to load, play, and pause audios, as well as setting duration and volume.

There are also DOM events that can notify you when an audio begins to play, is paused, etc.

For a full DOM reference, go to our HTML5 Audio/Video DOM Reference.


HTML5 Audio Tags

Tag Description
<audio> Defines sound content
<source> Defines multiple media resources for media elements, such as <video> and <audio>



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