X
HOME HTML CSS JAVASCRIPT SQL PHP JQUERY ANGULAR XML ASP.NET MORE...
REFERENCES | EXAMPLES | FORUM | ABOUT

XML DOM


A DOM (Document Object Model) defines a standard way for accessing and manipulating documents.


The XML DOM

The XML DOM defines a standard way for accessing and manipulating XML documents.

The XML DOM views an XML document as a tree-structure.

All elements can be accessed through the DOM tree. Their content (text and attributes) can be modified or deleted, and new elements can be created. The elements, their text, and their attributes are all known as nodes.

You can learn more about the XML DOM in our XML DOM tutorial.


The HTML DOM

The HTML DOM defines a standard way for accessing and manipulating HTML documents.

All HTML elements can be accessed through the HTML DOM.

You can learn more about the HTML DOM in our JavaScript tutorial.


Load an XML File - Cross-browser Example

The following example parses an XML document ("note.xml") into an XML DOM object and then extracts some info from it with a JavaScript:

Example

<html>
<body>
<h1>W3Schools Internal Note</h1>
<div>
<b>To:</b> <span id="to"></span><br />
<b>From:</b> <span id="from"></span><br />
<b>Message:</b> <span id="message"></span>
</div>

<script>
if (window.XMLHttpRequest)
  {// code for IE7+, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari
  xmlhttp=new XMLHttpRequest();
  }
else
  {// code for IE6, IE5
  xmlhttp=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
  }
xmlhttp.open("GET","note.xml",false);
xmlhttp.send();
xmlDoc=xmlhttp.responseXML;

document.getElementById("to").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("to")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
document.getElementById("from").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("from")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
document.getElementById("message").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("body")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
</script>

</body>
</html>

Try it yourself »


Important Note!

To extract the text "Tove" from the <to> element in the XML file above ("note.xml"), the syntax is:

getElementsByTagName("to")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue

Notice that even if the XML file contains only ONE <to> element you still have to specify the array index [0]. This is because the getElementsByTagName() method returns an array.


Load an XML String - Cross-browser Example

The following example parses an XML string into an XML DOM object and then extracts some info from it with a JavaScript:

Example

<html>
<body>
<h1>W3Schools Internal Note</h1>
<div>
<b>To:</b> <span id="to"></span><br />
<b>From:</b> <span id="from"></span><br />
<b>Message:</b> <span id="message"></span>
</div>

<script>
txt="<note>";
txt=txt+"<to>Tove</to>";
txt=txt+"<from>Jani</from>";
txt=txt+"<heading>Reminder</heading>";
txt=txt+"<body>Don't forget me this weekend!</body>";
txt=txt+"</note>";

if (window.DOMParser)
  {
  parser=new DOMParser();
  xmlDoc=parser.parseFromString(txt,"text/xml");
  }
else // Internet Explorer
  {
  xmlDoc=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM");
  xmlDoc.async=false;
  xmlDoc.loadXML(txt);
  }

document.getElementById("to").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("to")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
document.getElementById("from").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("from")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
document.getElementById("message").innerHTML=
xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("body")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue;
</script>
</body>
</html>

Try it yourself »



Your suggestion:

Close [X]

Thank You For Helping Us!

Your message has been sent to W3Schools.

Close [X]
Search w3schools.com:

WEB HOSTING

UK Reseller Hosting

WEB BUILDING

Download XML Editor FREE Website BUILDER Free HTML5 Templates FREE Website Templates Free HTML Templates

SHARE THIS PAGE

facebook