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HTML ASCII Reference


ASCII was the first character set (encoding standard) used between computers on the Internet.

Both ISO-8859-1 (default in HTML 4.01) and UTF-8 (default in HTML5), are build on ASCII.


The ASCII Character Set

ASCII stands for the "American Standard Code for Information Interchange".

It was designed in the early 60's, as a standard character set for computers and electronic devices.

ASCII is a 7-bit character set containing 128 characters.

It contains the numbers from 0-9, the upper and lower case English letters from A to Z, and some special characters.

The character sets used in modern computers, in HTML, and on the Internet, are all based on ASCII.

The following tables list the 128 ASCII characters and their equivalent number.


ASCII Printable Characters

Char Number Description
  32 space
! 33 exclamation mark
" 34 quotation mark
# 35 number sign
$ 36 dollar sign
% 37 percent sign
& 38 ampersand
' 39 apostrophe
( 40 left parenthesis
) 41 right parenthesis
* 42 asterisk
+ 43 plus sign
, 44 comma
- 45 hyphen
. 46 period
/ 47 slash
0 48 digit 0
1 49 digit 1
2 50 digit 2
3 51 digit 3
4 52 digit 4
5 53 digit 5
6 54 digit 6
7 55 digit 7
8 56 digit 8
9 57 digit 9
: 58 colon
; 59 semicolon
< 60 less-than
= 61 equals-to
> 62 greater-than
? 63 question mark
@ 64 at sign
A 65 uppercase A
B 66 uppercase B
C 67 uppercase C
D 68 uppercase D
E 69 uppercase E
F 70 uppercase F
G 71 uppercase G
H 72 uppercase H
I 73 uppercase I
J 74 uppercase J
K 75 uppercase K
L 76 uppercase L
M 77 uppercase M
N 78 uppercase N
O 79 uppercase O
P 80 uppercase P
Q 81 uppercase Q
R 82 uppercase R
S 83 uppercase S
T 84 uppercase T
U 85 uppercase U
V 86 uppercase V
W 87 uppercase W
X 88 uppercase X
Y 89 uppercase Y
Z 90 uppercase Z
[ 91 left square bracket
\ 92 backslash
] 93 right square bracket
^ 94 caret
_ 95 underscore
` 96 grave accent
a 97 lowercase a
b 98 lowercase b
c 99 lowercase c
d 100 lowercase d
e 101 lowercase e
f 102 lowercase f
g 103 lowercase g
h 104 lowercase h
i 105 lowercase i
j 106 lowercase j
k 107 lowercase k
l 108 lowercase l
m 109 lowercase m
n 110 lowercase n
o 111 lowercase o
p 112 lowercase p
q 113 lowercase q
r 114 lowercase r
s 115 lowercase s
t 116 lowercase t
u 117 lowercase u
v 118 lowercase v
w 119 lowercase w
x 120 lowercase x
y 121 lowercase y
z 122 lowercase z
{ 123 left curly brace
| 124 vertical bar
} 125 right curly brace
~ 126 tilde


ASCII Device Control Characters

The ASCII control characters (range 00-31, plus 127) were designed to control hardware devices.

Control characters (except horizontal tab, line feed, and carriage return) have nothing to do inside an HTML document.

 Char Number Description
NUL 00 null character
SOH 01 start of header
STX 02 start of text
ETX 03 end of text
EOT 04 end of transmission
ENQ 05 enquiry
ACK 06 acknowledge
BEL 07 bell (ring)
BS 08 backspace
HT 09 horizontal tab
LF 10 line feed
VT 11 vertical tab
FF 12 form feed
CR 13 carriage return
SO 14 shift out
SI 15 shift in
DLE 16 data link escape
DC1 17 device control 1
DC2 18 device control 2
DC3 19 device control 3
DC4 20 device control 4
NAK 21 negative acknowledge
SYN 22 synchronize
ETB 23 end transmission block
CAN 24 cancel
EM 25 end of medium
SUB 26 substitute
ESC 27 escape
FS 28 file separator
GS 29 group separator
RS 30 record separator
US 31 unit separator
     
DEL 127 delete (rubout)



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