THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE

CSS Links


With CSS, links can be styled in different ways.

Text Link Text Link Link Button Link Button

Styling Links

Links can be styled with any CSS property (e.g. color, font-family, background, etc.).

Example

a {
    color: hotpink;
}
Try it Yourself »

In addition, links can be styled differently depending on what state they are in.

The four links states are:

  • a:link - a normal, unvisited link
  • a:visited - a link the user has visited
  • a:hover - a link when the user mouses over it
  • a:active - a link the moment it is clicked

Example

/* unvisited link */
a:link {
    color: red;
}

/* visited link */
a:visited {
    color: green;
}

/* mouse over link */
a:hover {
    color: hotpink;
}

/* selected link */
a:active {
    color: blue;
}
Try it Yourself »

When setting the style for several link states, there are some order rules:

  • a:hover MUST come after a:link and a:visited
  • a:active MUST come after a:hover

Text Decoration

The text-decoration property is mostly used to remove underlines from links:

Example

a:link {
    text-decoration: none;
}

a:visited {
    text-decoration: none;
}

a:hover {
    text-decoration: underline;
}

a:active {
    text-decoration: underline;
}
Try it Yourself »

Background Color

The background-color property can be used to specify a background color for links:

Example

a:link {
    background-color: yellow;
}

a:visited {
    background-color: cyan;
}

a:hover {
    background-color: lightgreen;
}

a:active {
    background-color: hotpink;
Try it Yourself »

Advanced - Link Buttons

This example demonstrates a more advanced example where we combine several CSS properties to display links as boxes/buttons:

Example

a:link, a:visited {
    background-color: #f44336;
    color: white;
    padding: 14px 25px;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    display: inline-block;
}

a:hover, a:active {
    background-color: red;
}
Try it Yourself »

More Examples

Add different styles to hyperlinks
This example demonstrates how to add other styles to hyperlinks.

Advanced - Create a link button with borders
Another example of how to create link boxes/buttons.


Test Yourself with Exercises!

Exercise 1 »  Exercise 2 »  Exercise 3 »  Exercise 4 »