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CSS Reference

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CSS Properties

align-content align-items align-self animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-shadow box-sizing caption-side clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight hanging-punctuation height icon justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width nav-down nav-index nav-left nav-right nav-up opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin position quotes resize right tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index

CSS background Property


Example

Set different background properties in one declaration:

body {
    background: #00ff00 url('smiley.gif') no-repeat fixed center;
}

Try it yourself »

Definition and Usage

The background shorthand property sets all the background properties in one declaration.

The properties that can be set, are: background-color, background-position, background-size, background-repeat, background-origin, background-clip, background-attachment, and background-image.

It does not matter if one of the values above are missing, e.g. background:#ff0000 url(smiley.gif); is allowed.

Default value: see individual properties
Inherited: no
Animatable: yes, see individual properties. Read about animatable Try it
Version: CSS1 + new properties in CSS3
JavaScript syntax: object.style.background="red url(smiley.gif) top left no-repeat" Try it


Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Property
background 1.0 4.0 1.0 1.0  3.5

Note: Internet Explorer 8 and earlier versions do not support multiple background images on one element.

Note: See individual browser support for each value below.


CSS Syntax

background: color position/size repeat origin clip attachment image|initial|inherit;

Note: If one of the properties in the shorthand declaration is the background-size property, you must use a / (slash) to separate it from the background-postion property, e.g. background:url(smiley.gif) 10px 20px/50px 50px; will result in a background image, positioned 10 pixels from the left, 20 pixels from the top, and the size of the image will be 50 pixels wide and 50 pixels high.

Property Values

Value Description CSS
background-color Specifies the background color to be used 1
background-position Specifies the position of the background images 1
background-size Specifies the size of the background images 3
background-repeat Specifies how to repeat the background images 1
background-origin Specifies the positioning area of the background images 3
background-clip Specifies the painting area of the background images 3
background-attachment Specifies whether the background images are fixed or scrolls with the rest of the page 1
background-image Specifies ONE or MORE background images to be used 1
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial 3
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit 2


Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS Background

CSS3 tutorial: CSS3 Backgrounds

HTML DOM reference: background property



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