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Style background Property

Style Object Reference Style Object

Example

Style the background of a document:

document.body.style.background="#f3f3f3 url('img_tree.png') no-repeat right top";

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Definition and Usage

The background property sets or returns up to eight separate background properties, in a shorthand form.

With this property, you can set/return one or more of the following (in any order):

  • background-color
  • background-image
  • background-repeat
  • background-attachment
  • background-position
  • background-size
  • background-origin
  • background-clip

The properties above can also be set with separate style properties. The use of separate properties is highly recommended for non-advanced authors for better controllability.


Browser Support

Internet Explorer Firefox Opera Google Chrome Safari

The background property is supported in all major browsers.


Syntax

Return the background property:

object.style.background

Set the background property:

object.style.background="color image repeat attachment position size origin clip|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
color Sets the background color of an element
image Sets the background image for an element
repeat Sets how a background image will be repeated
attachment Sets whether a background image is fixed or scrolls with the page
position Sets the starting position of a background image
size Sets the size of a background image
origin Sets the background positioning area
clip Sets the painting area of a background image
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: transparent none repeat scroll 0% 0% auto padding-box border-box
Return Value: A String, representing the background of an element
CSS Version CSS1 + new properties in CSS3


More Examples

Example

Change the background of a DIV element:

document.getElementById("myDIV").style.background = "url('smiley.gif') blue repeat-x center";

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Example

Set a background color for a document:

document.body.style.backgroundColor="red";

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Example

Set a background image for a document:

document.body.style.backgroundImage="url('img_tree.png')";

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Example

Set a background-image to no-repeat:

document.body.style.backgroundRepeat="repeat-y";

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Example

Set the background-image to be fixed (will not scroll):

document.body.style.backgroundAttachment="fixed";

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Example

Change the position of a background-image:

document.body.style.backgroundPosition="top right";

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Example

Return the background property values of a document:

document.body.style.background;

Try it yourself »


Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS Background

CSS3 tutorial: CSS3 Backgrounds

CSS reference: background property


Style Object Reference Style Object

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