X
HOME HTML5 CSS3 JAVASCRIPT SQL PHP5 JQUERY ANGULAR BOOTSTRAP3 XML MORE...
REFERENCES | EXAMPLES | FORUM | ABOUT

JavaScript Where To


JavaScript can be placed in the <body> and the <head> sections of an HTML page.


The <script> Tag

In HTML, JavaScript code must be inserted between <script> and </script> tags.

Example

<script>
document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "My First JavaScript";
</script>

Note Older examples may use a type attribute: <script type="text/javascript">.
The type attribute is not required. JavaScript is the default scripting language in HTML.


JavaScript Functions and Events

A JavaScript function is a block of JavaScript code, that can be executed when "asked" for.

For example, a function can be executed when an event occurs, like when the user clicks a button.

You will learn much more about functions and events in later chapters.


JavaScript in <head> or <body>

You can place any number of scripts in an HTML document.

Scripts can be placed in the <body>, or in the <head> section of an HTML page, or in both.

Note Keeping all code in one place, is always a good habit.


JavaScript in <head>

In this example, a JavaScript function is placed in the <head> section of an HTML page.

The function is invoked (called) when a button is clicked:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
<script>
function myFunction() {
    document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Paragraph changed.";
}
</script>
</head>

<body>

<h1>My Web Page</h1>

<p id="demo">A Paragraph</p>

<button type="button" onclick="myFunction()">Try it</button>

</body>
</html>


Try it Yourself »


JavaScript in <body>

In this example, a JavaScript function is placed in the <body> section of an HTML page.

The function is invoked (called) when a button is clicked:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My Web Page</h1>

<p id="demo">A Paragraph</p>

<button type="button" onclick="myFunction()">Try it</button>

<script>
function myFunction() {
   document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = "Paragraph changed.";
}
</script>

</body>
</html>

Try it Yourself »

Note It is a good idea to place scripts at the bottom of the <body> element.
This can improve page load, because HTML display is not blocked by scripts loading.


External JavaScript

Scripts can also be placed in external files.

External scripts are practical when the same code is used in many different web pages.

JavaScript files have the file extension .js.

To use an external script, put the name of the script file in the src (source) attribute of the <script> tag:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<script src="myScript.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

Try it Yourself »

You can place an external script reference in <head> or <body> as you like.

The script will behave as if it located exactly where the <script> tag is located.

Note External scripts cannot contain <script> tags.


External JavaScript Advantages

Placing JavaScripts in external files has some advantages:
  • It separates HTML and code.
  • It makes HTML and JavaScript easier to read and maintain
  • Cached JavaScript files can speed up page loads.



Your suggestion:

Close [X]

Thank You For Helping Us!

Your message has been sent to W3Schools.

Close [X]
Search w3schools.com:

WEB HOSTING

UK Reseller Hosting

WEB BUILDING

Download XML Editor FREE Website BUILDER Free HTML5 Templates

SHARE THIS PAGE

facebook