PHP 7 Syntax
A PHP script is executed on the server, and the plain HTML result is sent back to the browser.
Basic PHP Syntax
A PHP script can be placed anywhere in the document.
A PHP script starts with
<?php and ends with
// PHP code goes here
The default file extension for PHP files is "
A PHP file normally contains HTML tags, and some PHP scripting code.
Below, we have an example of a simple PHP file, with a PHP script that uses a
built-in PHP function "
echo" to output the text
"Hello World!" on a web page:
<h1>My first PHP page</h1>
echo "Hello World!";
Note: PHP statements end with a semicolon (
Comments in PHP
A comment in PHP code is a line that is not read/executed as part of the program. Its only purpose is to be read by someone who is looking at the code.
Comments can be used to:
- Let others understand what you are doing
- Remind yourself of what you did - Most programmers have experienced coming back to their own work a year or two later and having to re-figure out what they did. Comments can remind you of what you were thinking when you wrote the code
PHP supports several ways of commenting:
// This is a single-line comment
# This is also a single-line comment
This is a multiple-lines comment block
that spans over multiple
// You can also use comments to leave out parts of a code line
$x = 5 /* + 15 */ + 5;
PHP Case Sensitivity
In PHP, NO keywords (e.g.
echo, etc.), classes, functions,
and user-defined functions are case-sensitive.
In the example below, all three echo statements below are legal (and equal):
ECHO "Hello World!<br>";
echo "Hello World!<br>";
EcHo "Hello World!<br>";
However; all variable names are case-sensitive.
In the example below, only the first statement will display the value of the
$color variable (this is because
$coLOR are treated as three
$color = "red";
echo "My car is " . $color . "<br>";
echo "My house is " . $COLOR . "<br>";
echo "My boat is " . $coLOR . "<br>";