HTML5 New Elements
New Elements in HTML5
The internet, and the use of the internet, has changed a lot since 1999, when HTML 4.01 became a standard.
Today, several elements in HTML 4.01 are obsolete, never used, or not used the way they were intended. All those elements are removed or re-written in HTML5.
To better handle today's internet needs, HTML5 has also included new elements for drawing graphics, displaying media content, for better page structure and better form handling, and several new APIs for drag and drop, for finding your geological location, for storing local data, and more.
Below is a list of the new HTML elements, introduced by HTML5, and a description of what they are used for.
The New <canvas> Element
Note: The links in the tables below point to our HTML5 Reference. However, you will learn more about these new elements in this tutorial.
New Media Elements
|<audio>||Defines sound or music content|
|<video>||Defines video or movie content|
|<source>||Defines sources for <video> and <audio>|
|<track>||Defines tracks for <video> and <audio>|
|<embed>||Defines containers for external applications (like plug-ins)|
New Form Elements
|<datalist>||Defines pre-defined options for input controls|
|<keygen>||Defines a key-pair generator field (for forms)|
|<output>||Defines the result of a calculation|
New Semantic/Structural Elements
HTML5 offers new elements for better structure:
|<header>||Defines a header for the document or a section|
|<nav>||Defines navigation links in the document|
|<section>||Defines a section in the document|
|<main>||Defines the main content of a document|
|<article>||Defines an article in the document|
|<aside>||Defines content aside from the page content|
|<footer>||Defines a footer for the document or a section|
|<details>||Defines additional details that the user can view or hide|
|<summary>||Defines a visible heading for a <details> element|
|<figure>||Defines self-contained content, like illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc.|
|<figcaption>||Defines a caption for a <figure> element|
|<mark>||Defines marked or highlighted text|
|<time>||Defines a date/time|
|<bdi>||Defines a part of text that might be formatted in a different direction from other text outside it|
|<wbr>||Defines a possible line-break|
|<dialog>||Defines a dialog box or window|
|<command>||Defines a command button that a user can invoke|
|<meter>||Defines a scalar measurement within a known range (a gauge)|
|<progress>||Defines the progress of a task|
|<ruby>||Defines a ruby annotation (for East Asian typography)|
|<rt>||Defines an explanation/pronunciation of characters (for East Asian typography)|
|<rp>||Defines what to show in browsers that do not support ruby annotations|
The following HTML 4.01 elements has been removed from HTML5:
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