Tutorials References Exercises Videos NEW Menu
Paid Courses Website NEW

React Memo


Using memo will cause React to skip rendering a component if its props have not changed.

This can improve performance.

This section uses React Hooks. See the React Hooks section for more information on Hooks.


Problem

In this example, the Todos component re-renders even when the todos have not changed.

Example:

index.js:

import { useState } from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import Todos from "./Todos";

const App = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);
  const [todos, setTodos] = useState(["todo 1", "todo 2"]);

  const increment = () => {
    setCount((c) => c + 1);
  };

  return (
    <>
      <Todos todos={todos} />
      <hr />
      <div>
        Count: {count}
        <button onClick={increment}>+</button>
      </div>
    </>
  );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('root'));

Todos.js:

const Todos = ({ todos }) => {
  console.log("child render");
  return (
    <>
      <h2>My Todos</h2>
      {todos.map((todo, index) => {
        return <p key={index}>{todo}</p>;
      })}
    </>
  );
};

export default Todos;

Run Example »

When you click the increment button, the Todos component re-renders.

If this component was complex, it could cause performance issues.


Solution

To fix this, we can use memo.

Use memoto keep the Todos component from needlessly re-rendering.

Wrap the Todos component export in memo:

Example:

index.js:

import { useState } from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";
import Todos from "./Todos";

const App = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);
  const [todos, setTodos] = useState(["todo 1", "todo 2"]);

  const increment = () => {
    setCount((c) => c + 1);
  };

  return (
    <>
      <Todos todos={todos} />
      <hr />
      <div>
        Count: {count}
        <button onClick={increment}>+</button>
      </div>
    </>
  );
};

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById('root'));

Todos.js:

import { memo } from "react";

const Todos = ({ todos }) => {
  console.log("child render");
  return (
    <>
      <h2>My Todos</h2>
      {todos.map((todo, index) => {
        return <p key={index}>{todo}</p>;
      })}
    </>
  );
};

export default memo(Todos);

Run Example »

Now the Todos component only re-renders when the todos that are passed to it through props are updated.