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alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundClip backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundOrigin backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide caretColor clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cssFloat cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right scrollBehavior tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex

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HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion

Style background Property


Style the background of a document:

document.body.style.background = "#f3f3f3 url('img_tree.png') no-repeat right top";
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More "Try it Yourself" examples below.


The background property sets or returns up to eight separate background properties, in a shorthand form.

With this property, you can set/return one or more of the following (in any order):

DOM PropertyCSS Property

The properties above can also be set with separate style properties. The use of separate properties is highly recommended for non-advanced authors for better controllability.

See Also:

HTML Styles: The background Property

CSS Tutorial: CSS Backgrounds

CSS3 tutorial: CSS3 Backgrounds

CSS Reference: The background Property


Return the background property:


Set the background property:

object.style.background = "color image repeat attachment position size origin clip|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
attachment Sets if a background image is fixed or scrolls
clip Sets the painting area of a background image
color Sets the background color of an element
image Sets the background image for an element
origin Sets the background positioning area
position Sets the starting position of a background image
repeat Sets how a background image will be repeated
size Sets the size of a background image
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: transparent none repeat scroll 0% 0% auto padding-box border-box
Return Value: A String, representing the background of an element
CSS Version CSS1

Browser Support

background is a CSS1 (1996) feature.

It is fully supported in all browsers:

Chrome Edge Firefox Safari Opera IE
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


3 new properties were added in CSS3 (1999):

  • background-clip
  • background-origin
  • background-size

More Examples


Change the background of a DIV element:

document.getElementById("myDIV").style.background = "url('smiley.gif') blue repeat-x center";
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Set a background color for a document:

document.body.style.backgroundColor = "red";
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Set a background image for a document:

document.body.style.backgroundImage = "url('img_tree.png')";
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Set a background-image to no-repeat:

document.body.style.backgroundRepeat = "repeat-y";
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Set the background-image to be fixed (will not scroll):

document.body.style.backgroundAttachment = "fixed";
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Change the position of a background-image:

document.body.style.backgroundPosition = "top right";
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Return the background property values of a document:

Try it Yourself »