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JavaScript Async

"async and await make promises easier to write"

async makes a function return a Promise

await makes a function wait for a Promise

Async Syntax

The keyword async before a function makes the function return a promise:

Example

async function myFunction() {
  return "Hello";
}

Is the same as:

function myFunction() {
  return Promise.resolve("Hello");
}

Here is how to use the Promise:

myFunction().then(
  function(value) { /* code if successful */ },
  function(error) { /* code if some error */ }
);

Example

async function myFunction() {
  return "Hello";
}
myFunction().then(
  function(value) {myDisplayer(value);},
  function(error) {myDisplayer(error);}
);

Try it Yourself »

Or simpler, since you expect a normal value (a normal response, not an error):

Example

async function myFunction() {
  return "Hello";
}
myFunction().then(
  function(value) {myDisplayer(value);}
);

Try it Yourself »


Await Syntax

The keyword await before a function makes the function wait for a promise:

let value = await promise;

The await keyword can only be used inside an async function.


Example

Let's go slowly and learn how to use it.

Basic Syntax

async function myDisplay() {
  let myPromise = new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
    resolve("I love You !!");
  });
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = await myPromise;
}

myDisplay();

Try it Yourself »

The two arguments (resolve and reject) are pre-defined by JavaScript.

We will not create them, but call one of them when the executor function is ready.

Very often we will not need a reject function.

Example without reject

async function myDisplay() {
  let myPromise = new Promise(function(resolve) {
    resolve("I love You !!");
  });
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = await myPromise;
}

myDisplay();

Try it Yourself »

Waiting for a Timeout

async function myDisplay() {
  let myPromise = new Promise(function(resolve) {
    setTimeout(function() {resolve("I love You !!");}, 3000);
  });
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = await myPromise;
}

myDisplay();

Try it Yourself »

Waiting for a File

async function getFile() {
  let myPromise = new Promise(function(resolve) {
    let req = new XMLHttpRequest();
    req.open('GET', "mycar.html");
    req.onload = function() {
      if (req.status == 200) {
        resolve(req.response);
      } else {
        resolve("File not Found");
      }
    };
    req.send();
  });
  document.getElementById("demo").innerHTML = await myPromise;
}

getFile();

Try it Yourself »


Browser Support

ECMAScript 2017 introduced the JavaScript keywords async and await.

The following table defines the first browser version with full support for both:

Chrome 55 Edge 15 Firefox 52 Safari 11 Opera 42
Dec, 2016 Apr, 2017 Mar, 2017 Sep, 2017 Dec, 2016