PHP md5_file() Function
Calculate the MD5 hash of the text file "test.txt":
$filename = "test.txt";
$md5file = md5_file($filename);
The output of the code above will be:
Definition and Usage
The md5_file() function calculates the MD5 hash of a file.
The md5_file() function uses the RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm.
From RFC 1321 - The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm: "The MD5 message-digest algorithm takes as input a message of arbitrary length and produces as output a 128-bit "fingerprint" or "message digest" of the input. The MD5 algorithm is intended for digital signature applications, where a large file must be "compressed" in a secure manner before being encrypted with a private (secret) key under a public-key cryptosystem such as RSA."
To calculate the MD5 hash of a string, use the md5() function.
|file||Required. The file to be calculated|
|raw||Optional. A boolean value that specifies hex or binary output format:
|Return Value:||Returns the calculated MD5 hash on success, or FALSE on failure|
|Changelog:||The raw parameter was added in PHP 5.0
As of PHP 5.1, it is possible to use md5_file() with wrappers, e.g. md5_file("https://w3schools.com/..")
Store the MD5 hash of "test.txt" in a file:
$md5file = md5_file("test.txt");
Test if "test.txt" has been changed (that is if the MD5 hash has been changed):
$md5file = file_get_contents("md5file.txt");
if (md5_file("test.txt") == $md5file)
echo "The file is ok.";
echo "The file has been changed.";
The output of the code above could be:
❮ PHP String Reference