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PHP OOP - Static Properties


PHP - Static Properties

Static properties can be called directly - without creating an instance of a class.

Static properties are declared with the static keyword:

Syntax

<?php
class ClassName {
  public static $staticProp = "W3Schools";
}
?>

To access a static property use the class name, double colon (::), and the property name:

Syntax

ClassName::staticProp();

Let's look at an example:

Example

<?php
class pi {
  public static $value = 3.14159;
}

// Get static property
echo pi::$value;
?>
Try it Yourself »

Example Explained

Here, we declare a static property: $value. Then, we echo the value of the static property by using the class name, double colon (::), and the property name (without creating a class first).



PHP - More on Static Properties

A class can have both static and non-static properties. A static property can be accessed from a method in the same class using the self keyword and double colon (::):

Example

<?php
class pi {
  public static $value=3.14159;
  public function staticValue() {
    return self::$value;
  }
}

$pi = new pi();
echo $pi->staticValue();
?>
Try it Yourself »

To call a static property from a child class, use the parent keyword inside the child class:

Example

<?php
class pi {
  public static $value=3.14159;
}

class x extends pi {
  public function xStatic() {
    return parent::$value;
  }
}

// Get value of static property directly via child class
echo x::$value;

// or get value of static property via xStatic() method
$x = new x();
echo $x->xStatic();
?>
Try it Yourself »