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CSS Reference

CSS Reference CSS Browser Support CSS Selectors CSS Functions CSS Reference Aural CSS Web Safe Fonts CSS Fallback Fonts CSS Animatable CSS Units CSS PX-EM Converter CSS Colors CSS Color Values CSS Default Values CSS Entities

CSS Properties

accent-color align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function aspect-ratio backdrop-filter backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-position-x background-position-y background-repeat background-size block-size border border-block border-block-color border-block-end-color border-block-end-style border-block-end-width border-block-start-color border-block-start-style border-block-start-width border-block-style border-block-width border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-end-end-radius border-end-start-radius border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-inline border-inline-color border-inline-end-color border-inline-end-style border-inline-end-width border-inline-start-color border-inline-start-style border-inline-start-width border-inline-style border-inline-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-start-end-radius border-start-start-radius border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-reflect box-shadow box-sizing break-after break-before break-inside caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-feature-settings font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-variant-caps font-weight gap grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens image-rendering @import inline-size inset inset-block inset-block-end inset-block-start inset-inline inset-inline-end inset-inline-start isolation justify-content justify-items justify-self @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-block margin-block-end margin-block-start margin-bottom margin-inline margin-inline-end margin-inline-start margin-left margin-right margin-top mask-image mask-mode mask-origin mask-position mask-repeat mask-size max-block-size max-height max-inline-size max-width @media min-block-size min-inline-size min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position offset offset-anchor offset-distance offset-path offset-rotate opacity order orphans outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-anchor overflow-wrap overflow-x overflow-y overscroll-behavior overscroll-behavior-block overscroll-behavior-inline overscroll-behavior-x overscroll-behavior-y padding padding-block padding-block-end padding-block-start padding-bottom padding-inline padding-inline-end padding-inline-start padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside paint-order perspective perspective-origin place-content place-items place-self pointer-events position quotes resize right rotate row-gap scale scroll-behavior scroll-margin scroll-margin-block scroll-margin-block-end scroll-margin-block-start scroll-margin-bottom scroll-margin-inline scroll-margin-inline-end scroll-margin-inline-start scroll-margin-left scroll-margin-right scroll-margin-top scroll-padding scroll-padding-block scroll-padding-block-end scroll-padding-block-start scroll-padding-bottom scroll-padding-inline scroll-padding-inline-end scroll-padding-inline-start scroll-padding-left scroll-padding-right scroll-padding-top scroll-snap-align scroll-snap-stop scroll-snap-type scrollbar-color tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-decoration-thickness text-indent text-justify text-orientation text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function translate unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space widows width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS mix-blend-mode Property


A container with a red background and an image that blends with the red container (darken):

.container {
  background-color: red;

.container img {
  mix-blend-mode: darken;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The mix-blend-mode property specifies how an element's content should blend with its direct parent background.

Show demo ❯

Default value: normal
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
JavaScript syntax: object.style.mixBlendMode = "darken" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

mix-blend-mode 41.0 79.0 32.0 8.0 35.0

CSS Syntax

mix-blend-mode: normal|multiply|screen|overlay|darken|lighten|color-dodge|color-burn|difference|exclusion|hue|saturation|color|luminosity;

Property Values

Value Description Demo
normal This is default. Sets the blending mode to normal Demo ❯
multiply Sets the blending mode to multiply Demo ❯
screen Sets the blending mode to screen Demo ❯
overlay Sets the blending mode to overlay Demo ❯
darken Sets the blending mode to darken Demo ❯
lighten Sets the blending mode to lighten Demo ❯
color-dodge Sets the blending mode to color-dodge Demo ❯
color-burn Sets the blending mode to color-burn Demo ❯
difference Sets the blending mode to difference Demo ❯
exclusion Sets the blending mode to exclusion Demo ❯
hue Sets the blending mode to hue Demo ❯
saturation Sets the blending mode to saturation Demo ❯
color Sets the blending mode to color Demo ❯
luminosity Sets the blending mode to luminosity Demo ❯

More Examples


A demonstration of all values:

.normal {mix-blend-mode: normal;}
.multiply {mix-blend-mode: multiply;}
.screen {mix-blend-mode: screen;}
.overlay {mix-blend-mode: overlay;}
.darken {mix-blend-mode: darken;}
.lighten {mix-blend-mode: lighten;}
.color-dodge {mix-blend-mode: color-dodge;}
.color-burn {mix-blend-mode: color-burn;}
.difference {mix-blend-mode: difference;}
.exclusion {mix-blend-mode: exclusion;}
.hue {mix-blend-mode: hue;}
.saturation {mix-blend-mode: saturation;}
.color {mix-blend-mode: color;}
.luminosity {mix-blend-mode: luminosity;}
Try it Yourself »


Using mix-blend-mode to create a responsive cutout/knockout text:

.image-container {
  background-image: url("paris.jpg");
  background-size: cover;
  position: relative;
  height: 300px;

.text {
  background-color: white;
  color: black;
  font-size: 10vw;
  font-weight: bold;
  margin: 0 auto;
  padding: 10px;
  width: 50%;
  text-align: center;
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  mix-blend-mode: screen;
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

CSS reference: CSS background-blend-mode Property