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CSS Properties

align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right scroll-behavior tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap z-index



CSS animation-fill-mode Property


Example

Let the <div> element retain the style values from the last keyframe when the animation ends:

div {
    animation-fill-mode: forwards;
}
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.


Definition and Usage

The animation-fill-mode property specifies a style for the element when the animation is not playing (before it starts, after it ends, or both).

CSS animations do not affect the element before the first keyframe is played or after the last keyframe is played. The animation-fill-mode property can override this behavior.

Default value: none
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax: object.style.animationFillMode="forwards" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit-, -moz-, or -o- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

Property
animation-fill-mode 43.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 16.0
5.0 -moz-
4.0 -webkit- 15.0 -webkit-
12.1
12.0 -o-


CSS Syntax

animation-fill-mode: none|forwards|backwards|both|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description
none Default value. Animation will not apply any styles to the element before or after it is executing
forwards The element will retain the style values that is set by the last keyframe (depends on animation-direction and animation-iteration-count)
backwards The element will get the style values that is set by the first keyframe (depends on animation-direction), and retain this during the animation-delay period
both The animation will follow the rules for both forwards and backwards, extending the animation properties in both directions
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

More Examples

Example

Let the <div> element get the style values set by the first keyframe before the animation starts (during the animation-delay period):

div {
    animation-fill-mode: backwards;
}
Try it Yourself »

Example

Let the <div> element get the style values set by the first keyframe before the animation starts, and retain the style values from the last keyframe when the animation ends:

div {
    animation-fill-mode: both;
}
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS Animations

HTML DOM reference: animationFillMode property