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CSS Properties

align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right scroll-behavior tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS columns Property


Specify the minimum width for each column, and the maximum number of columns:

div {
  -webkit-columns: 100px 3; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
  -moz-columns: 100px 3; /* Firefox */
  columns: 100px 3;
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.

Definition and Usage

The columns property is a shorthand property for:

The column-width part will define the minimum width for each column, while the column-count part will define the maximum number of columns. By using this property, the multi-column layout will automatically break down into a single column at narrow browser widths, without the need of media queries or other rules.

Default value: auto auto
Inherited: no
Animatable: yes, see individual properties. Read about animatable Try it
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax:"100px 3" Try it

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

Numbers followed by -webkit- or -moz- specify the first version that worked with a prefix.

columns 50.0
4.0 -webkit-
10.0 52.0
9.0 -moz-
3.1 -webkit-
15.0 -webkit-

CSS Syntax

columns: auto|column-width column-count|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description
auto Default value. Sets both the column-width and column-count to "auto"
column-width Defines the minimum width for each column
column-count Defines the maximum number of columns
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

More Examples


Divide the text in a <div> element into three columns:

div {
  -webkit-column-count: 3; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
  -moz-column-count: 3; /* Firefox */
  column-count: 3;
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Specify a 40 pixels gap between the columns:

div {
  -webkit-column-gap: 40px; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
  -moz-column-gap: 40px; /* Firefox */
  column-gap: 40px;
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Specify the width, style, and color of the rule between columns:

div {
  -webkit-column-rule: 4px double #ff00ff; /* Chrome, Safari, Opera */
  -moz-column-rule: 4px double #ff00ff; /* Firefox */
  column-rule: 4px double #ff00ff;
Try it Yourself »

Related Pages

CSS tutorial: CSS Multiple Columns

HTML DOM reference: columns property