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align-content align-items align-self all animation animation-delay animation-direction animation-duration animation-fill-mode animation-iteration-count animation-name animation-play-state animation-timing-function backface-visibility background background-attachment background-blend-mode background-clip background-color background-image background-origin background-position background-repeat background-size border border-bottom border-bottom-color border-bottom-left-radius border-bottom-right-radius border-bottom-style border-bottom-width border-collapse border-color border-image border-image-outset border-image-repeat border-image-slice border-image-source border-image-width border-left border-left-color border-left-style border-left-width border-radius border-right border-right-color border-right-style border-right-width border-spacing border-style border-top border-top-color border-top-left-radius border-top-right-radius border-top-style border-top-width border-width bottom box-decoration-break box-shadow box-sizing break-after break-before break-inside caption-side caret-color @charset clear clip clip-path color column-count column-fill column-gap column-rule column-rule-color column-rule-style column-rule-width column-span column-width columns content counter-increment counter-reset cursor direction display empty-cells filter flex flex-basis flex-direction flex-flow flex-grow flex-shrink flex-wrap float font @font-face font-family font-feature-settings font-kerning font-size font-size-adjust font-stretch font-style font-variant font-variant-caps font-weight grid grid-area grid-auto-columns grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows grid-column grid-column-end grid-column-gap grid-column-start grid-gap grid-row grid-row-end grid-row-gap grid-row-start grid-template grid-template-areas grid-template-columns grid-template-rows hanging-punctuation height hyphens @import isolation justify-content @keyframes left letter-spacing line-height list-style list-style-image list-style-position list-style-type margin margin-bottom margin-left margin-right margin-top max-height max-width @media min-height min-width mix-blend-mode object-fit object-position opacity order outline outline-color outline-offset outline-style outline-width overflow overflow-x overflow-y padding padding-bottom padding-left padding-right padding-top page-break-after page-break-before page-break-inside perspective perspective-origin pointer-events position quotes resize right scroll-behavior tab-size table-layout text-align text-align-last text-decoration text-decoration-color text-decoration-line text-decoration-style text-indent text-justify text-overflow text-shadow text-transform top transform transform-origin transform-style transition transition-delay transition-duration transition-property transition-timing-function unicode-bidi user-select vertical-align visibility white-space width word-break word-spacing word-wrap writing-mode z-index

CSS break-before Property


Always insert a page-break before a <h1> element: 

@media print {
  h1 {
    break-before: always;

Definition and Usage

The break-before property specifies whether or not a page break, column break, or region break should occur before the specified element.

The break-before property extends the CSS2 page-break-before property.

Using break-before, you can tell the browser to break the page, column, or region before the element the break-before property is applied to, or avoid the element to be split and span across two pages.

Default value: auto
Inherited: no
Animatable: no. Read about animatable
Version: CSS3
JavaScript syntax:"always"

Browser Support

The numbers in the table specify the first browser version that fully supports the property.

break-before 50.0 10.0 65.0 10.0 37.0

CSS Syntax

break-before: auto|all|always|avoid|avoid-column|avoid-page|avoid-region|column|left|page|recto|region|right|verso|initial|inherit;

Property Values

Value Description
auto Default. Automatic page/column/region break before the element
all Always insert a page-break right before the principal box
always Always insert a page-break before the element
avoid Avoid a page/column/region break before the element
avoid-column Avoid a column-break before the element
avoid-page Avoid a page-break before the element
avoid-region Avoid a region-break before the element
column Always insert a column-break before the element
left Insert one or two page-breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a left page
page Always insert a page-break before the element
recto Insert one or two page-breaks before the principal box so that the next page is formatted as a recto page
region Always insert a region-break before the element
right Insert one or two page-breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a right page
verso Insert one or two page-breaks before the principal box so that the next page is formatted as a verso page
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

More Examples


To assure that all new chapters should start on a right page (like in a book) when printed, you can use break-before: right for all <h1> elements: 

@media print {
  h1 {
    break-before: right;


Always insert a region-break before <ul> elements in a region: 

.region ul {
    break-before: region;