Tutorials References Exercises Videos Pro NEW Menu
Paid Courses Website NEW

JS Tutorial

JS HOME JS Introduction JS Where To JS Output JS Statements JS Syntax JS Comments JS Variables JS Let JS Const JS Operators JS Arithmetic JS Assignment JS Data Types JS Functions JS Objects JS Events JS Strings JS String Methods JS String Search JS String Templates JS Numbers JS Number Methods JS Arrays JS Array Methods JS Array Sort JS Array Iteration JS Array Const JS Dates JS Date Formats JS Date Get Methods JS Date Set Methods JS Math JS Random JS Booleans JS Comparisons JS If Else JS Switch JS Loop For JS Loop For In JS Loop For Of JS Loop While JS Break JS Iterables JS Sets JS Maps JS Typeof JS Type Conversion JS Bitwise JS RegExp JS Errors JS Scope JS Hoisting JS Strict Mode JS this Keyword JS Arrow Function JS Classes JS Modules JS JSON JS Debugging JS Style Guide JS Best Practices JS Mistakes JS Performance JS Reserved Words

JS Versions

JS Versions JS 2009 (ES5) JS 2015 (ES6) JS 2016 JS 2017 JS 2018 JS IE / Edge JS History

JS Objects

Object Definitions Object Properties Object Methods Object Display Object Accessors Object Constructors Object Prototypes Object Iterables Object Sets Object Maps Object Reference

JS Functions

Function Definitions Function Parameters Function Invocation Function Call Function Apply Function Bind Function Closures

JS Classes

Class Intro Class Inheritance Class Static

JS Async

JS Callbacks JS Asynchronous JS Promises JS Async/Await

JS HTML DOM

DOM Intro DOM Methods DOM Document DOM Elements DOM HTML DOM Forms DOM CSS DOM Animations DOM Events DOM Event Listener DOM Navigation DOM Nodes DOM Collections DOM Node Lists

JS Browser BOM

JS Window JS Screen JS Location JS History JS Navigator JS Popup Alert JS Timing JS Cookies

JS Web APIs

Web API Intro Web Forms API Web History API Web Storage API Web Worker API Web Fetch API Web Geolocation API

JS AJAX

AJAX Intro AJAX XMLHttp AJAX Request AJAX Response AJAX XML File AJAX PHP AJAX ASP AJAX Database AJAX Applications AJAX Examples

JS JSON

JSON Intro JSON Syntax JSON vs XML JSON Data Types JSON Parse JSON Stringify JSON Objects JSON Arrays JSON Server JSON PHP JSON HTML JSON JSONP

JS vs jQuery

jQuery Selectors jQuery HTML jQuery CSS jQuery DOM

JS Graphics

JS Graphics JS Canvas JS Plotly JS Chart.js JS Google Chart JS D3.js

JS Examples

JS Examples JS HTML DOM JS HTML Input JS HTML Objects JS HTML Events JS Browser JS Editor JS Exercises JS Quiz JS Certificate

JS References

JavaScript Objects HTML DOM Objects


JavaScript Number Methods


Number methods help you work with numbers.


Number Methods and Properties

Primitive values (like 3.14 or 2014), cannot have properties and methods (because they are not objects).

But with JavaScript, methods and properties are also available to primitive values, because JavaScript treats primitive values as objects when executing methods and properties.


The toString() Method

The toString() method returns a number as a string.

All number methods can be used on any type of numbers (literals, variables, or expressions):

Example

let x = 123;
x.toString();
(123).toString();
(100 + 23).toString();
Try it Yourself »

The toExponential() Method

toExponential() returns a string, with a number rounded and written using exponential notation.

A parameter defines the number of characters behind the decimal point:

Example

let x = 9.656;
x.toExponential(2);
x.toExponential(4);
x.toExponential(6);
Try it Yourself »

The parameter is optional. If you don't specify it, JavaScript will not round the number.



The toFixed() Method

toFixed() returns a string, with the number written with a specified number of decimals:

Example

let x = 9.656;
x.toFixed(0);
x.toFixed(2);
x.toFixed(4);
x.toFixed(6);
Try it Yourself »

toFixed(2) is perfect for working with money.


The toPrecision() Method

toPrecision() returns a string, with a number written with a specified length:

Example

let x = 9.656;
x.toPrecision();
x.toPrecision(2);
x.toPrecision(4);
x.toPrecision(6);
Try it Yourself »

The valueOf() Method

valueOf() returns a number as a number.

Example

let x = 123;
x.valueOf();
(123).valueOf();
(100 + 23).valueOf();
Try it Yourself »

In JavaScript, a number can be a primitive value (typeof = number) or an object (typeof = object).

The valueOf() method is used internally in JavaScript to convert Number objects to primitive values.

There is no reason to use it in your code.

All JavaScript data types have a valueOf() and a toString() method.


Converting Variables to Numbers

There are 3 JavaScript methods that can be used to convert variables to numbers:

  • The Number() method
  • The parseInt() method
  • The parseFloat() method

These methods are not number methods, but global JavaScript methods.


Global JavaScript Methods

JavaScript global methods can be used on all JavaScript data types.

These are the most relevant methods, when working with numbers:

Method Description
Number() Returns a number, converted from its argument.
parseFloat() Parses its argument and returns a floating point number
parseInt() Parses its argument and returns an integer

The Number() Method

Number() can be used to convert JavaScript variables to numbers:

Example

Number(true);
Number(false);
Number("10");
Number("  10");
Number("10  ");
Number(" 10  ");
Number("10.33");
Number("10,33");
Number("10 33");
Number("John");
Try it Yourself »

If the number cannot be converted, NaN (Not a Number) is returned.


The Number() Method Used on Dates

Number() can also convert a date to a number.

Example

Number(new Date("1970-01-01"))
Try it Yourself »

The Number() method returns the number of milliseconds since 1.1.1970.

The number of milliseconds between 1970-01-02 and 1970-01-01 is 86400000:

Example

Number(new Date("1970-01-02"))
Try it Yourself »

Example

Number(new Date("2017-09-30"))
Try it Yourself »

The parseInt() Method

parseInt() parses a string and returns a whole number. Spaces are allowed. Only the first number is returned:

Example

parseInt("-10");
parseInt("-10.33");
parseInt("10");
parseInt("10.33");
parseInt("10 20 30");
parseInt("10 years");
parseInt("years 10");
Try it Yourself »

If the number cannot be converted, NaN (Not a Number) is returned.


The parseFloat() Method

parseFloat() parses a string and returns a number. Spaces are allowed. Only the first number is returned:

Example

parseFloat("10");
parseFloat("10.33");
parseFloat("10 20 30");
parseFloat("10 years");
parseFloat("years 10");
Try it Yourself »

If the number cannot be converted, NaN (Not a Number) is returned.


Number Properties

Property Description
MAX_VALUE Returns the largest number possible in JavaScript
MIN_VALUE Returns the smallest number possible in JavaScript
POSITIVE_INFINITY Represents infinity (returned on overflow)
NEGATIVE_INFINITY Represents negative infinity (returned on overflow)
NaN Represents a "Not-a-Number" value

JavaScript MIN_VALUE and MAX_VALUE

MAX_VALUE returns the largest possible number in JavaScript.

Example

let x = Number.MAX_VALUE;
Try it Yourself »

MIN_VALUE returns the lowest possible number in JavaScript.

Example

let x = Number.MIN_VALUE;
Try it Yourself »

JavaScript POSITIVE_INFINITY

Example

let x = Number.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
Try it Yourself »

POSITIVE_INFINITY is returned on overflow:

Example

let x = 1 / 0;
Try it Yourself »

JavaScript NEGATIVE_INFINITY

Example

let x = Number.NEGATIVE_INFINITY;
Try it Yourself »

NEGATIVE_INFINITY is returned on overflow:

Example

let x = -1 / 0;
Try it Yourself »

JavaScript NaN - Not a Number

Example

let x = Number.NaN;
Try it Yourself »

NaN is a JavaScript reserved word indicating that a number is not a legal number.

Trying to do arithmetic with a non-numeric string will result in NaN (Not a Number):

Example

let x = 100 / "Apple";

Try it Yourself »


Number Properties Cannot be Used on Variables

Number properties belongs to the JavaScript's number object wrapper called Number.

These properties can only be accessed as Number.MAX_VALUE.

Using myNumber.MAX_VALUE, where myNumber is a variable, expression, or value, will return undefined:

Example

let x = 6;
x.MAX_VALUE
Try it Yourself »

Complete JavaScript Number Reference

For a complete Number reference, visit our:

Complete JavaScript Number Reference.

The reference contains descriptions and examples of all Number properties and methods.