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HTML Image Maps


With HTML image maps, you can create clickable areas on an image.


Image Maps

The HTML <map> tag defines an image map. An image map is an image with clickable areas. The areas are defined with one or more <area> tags.

Try to click on the computer, phone, or the cup of coffee in the image below:

Workplace Sun Mercury Venus

Example

Here is the HTML source code for the image map above:

<img src="workplace.jpg" alt="Workplace" usemap="#workmap">

<map name="workmap">
  <area shape="rect" coords="34,44,270,350" alt="Computer" href="computer.htm">
  <area shape="rect" coords="290,172,333,250" alt="Phone" href="phone.htm">
  <area shape="circle" coords="337,300,44" alt="Coffee" href="coffee.htm">
</map>
Try it Yourself »

How Does it Work?

The idea behind an image map is that you should be able to perform different actions depending on where in the image you click.

To create an image map you need an image, and some HTML code that describes the clickable areas.



The Image

The image is inserted using the <img> tag. The only difference from other images is that you must add a usemap attribute:

<img src="workplace.jpg" alt="Workplace" usemap="#workmap">

The usemap value starts with a hash tag # followed by the name of the image map, and is used to create a relationship between the image and the image map.

Tip: You can use any image as an image map!


Create Image Map

Then, add a <map> element.

The <map> element is used to create an image map, and is linked to the image by using the required name attribute:

<map name="workmap">

The name attribute must have the same value as the <img>'s usemap attribute .


The Areas

Then, add the clickable areas.

A clickable area is defined using an <area> element.

Shape

You must define the shape of the clickable area, and you can choose one of these values:

  • rect - defines a rectangular region
  • circle - defines a circular region
  • poly - defines a polygonal region
  • default - defines the entire region

You must also define some coordinates to be able to place the clickable area onto the image. 


Shape="rect"

The coordinates for shape="rect" come in pairs, one for the x-axis and one for the y-axis.

So, the coordinates 34,44 is located 34 pixels from the left margin and 44 pixels from the top:

Workplace

The coordinates 270,350 is located 270 pixels from the left margin and 350 pixels from the top:

Workplace

Now we have enough data to create a clickable rectangular area:

Example

<area shape="rect" coords="34, 44, 270, 350" href="computer.htm">
Try it Yourself »

This is the area that becomes clickable and will send the user to the page "computer.htm":

Workplace

Shape="circle"

To add a circle area, first locate the coordinates of the center of the circle:

337,300

Workplace

Then specify the radius of the circle:

44 pixels

Workplace

Now you have enough data to create a clickable circular area:

Example

<area shape="circle" coords="337, 300, 44" href="coffee.htm">
Try it Yourself »

This is the area that becomes clickable and will send the user to the page "coffee.htm":

Workplace

Shape="poly"

The shape="poly" contains several coordinate points, which creates a shape formed with straight lines (a polygon).

This can be used to create any shape.

Like maybe a croissant shape!

How can we make the croissant in the image below become a clickable link?

French Food

We have to find the x and y coordinates for all edges of the croissant:

French Food

The coordinates come in pairs, one for the x-axis and one for the y-axis:

Example

<area shape="poly" coords="140,121,181,116,204,160,204,222,191,270,140,329,85,355,58,352,37,322,40,259,103,161,128,147" href="croissant.htm">
Try it Yourself »

This is the area that becomes clickable and will send the user to the page "croissant.htm":

French Food

Image Map and JavaScript

A clickable area can also trigger a JavaScript function.

Add a click event to the <area> element to execute a JavaScript function:

Example

Here, we use the onclick attribute to execute a JavaScript function when the area is clicked:

<map name="workmap">
  <area shape="circle" coords="337,300,44" href="coffee.htm" onclick="myFunction()">
</map>

<script>
function myFunction() {
  alert("You clicked the coffee cup!");
}
</script>
Try it Yourself »

Chapter Summary

  • Use the HTML <map> element to define an image map
  • Use the HTML <area> element to define the clickable areas in the image map
  • Use the HTML usemap attribute of the <img> element to point to an image map

HTML Image Tags

Tag Description
<img> Defines an image
<map> Defines an image map
<area> Defines a clickable area inside an image map
<picture> Defines a container for multiple image resources

For a complete list of all available HTML tags, visit our HTML Tag Reference.