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CSS Grid Layout Module


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Grid Layout

The CSS Grid Layout Module offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without having to use floats and positioning.


Browser Support

The grid properties are supported in all modern browsers.

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Grid Elements

A grid layout consists of a parent element, with one or more child elements.

Example

<div class="grid-container">
  <div class="grid-item">1</div>
  <div class="grid-item">2</div>
  <div class="grid-item">3</div>
  <div class="grid-item">4</div>
  <div class="grid-item">5</div>
  <div class="grid-item">6</div>
  <div class="grid-item">7</div>
  <div class="grid-item">8</div>
  <div class="grid-item">9</div>
</div>

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Display Property

An HTML element becomes a grid container when its display property is set to grid or inline-grid.

Example

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
}

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Example

.grid-container {
  display: inline-grid;
}

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All direct children of the grid container automatically become grid items.


Grid Columns

The vertical lines of grid items are called columns.


Grid Rows

The horizontal lines of grid items are called rows.


Grid Gaps

The spaces between each column/row are called gaps.

You can adjust the gap size by using one of the following properties:

  • grid-column-gap
  • grid-row-gap
  • grid-gap

Example

The grid-column-gap property sets the gap between the columns:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-column-gap: 50px;
}

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Example

The grid-row-gap property sets the gap between the rows:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-row-gap: 50px;
}

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Example

The grid-gap property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and the grid-column-gap properties:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-gap: 50px 100px;
}

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Example

The grid-gap property can also be used to set both the row gap and the column gap in one value:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-gap: 50px;
}

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Grid Lines

The lines between columns are called column lines.

The lines between rows are called row lines.

Refer to line numbers when placing a grid item in a grid container:

Example

Place a grid item at column line 1, and let it end on column line 3:

.item1 {
  grid-column-start: 1;
  grid-column-end: 3;
}

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Example

Place a grid item at row line 1, and let it end on row line 3:

.item1 {
  grid-row-start: 1;
  grid-row-end: 3;
}

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All CSS Grid Properties

Property Description
column-gap Specifies the gap between the columns
gap A shorthand property for the row-gap and the column-gap properties
grid A shorthand property for the grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, grid-template-areas, grid-auto-rows, grid-auto-columns, and the grid-auto-flow properties
grid-area Either specifies a name for the grid item, or this property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-start, grid-column-start, grid-row-end, and grid-column-end properties
grid-auto-columns Specifies a default column size
grid-auto-flow Specifies how auto-placed items are inserted in the grid
grid-auto-rows Specifies a default row size
grid-column A shorthand property for the grid-column-start and the grid-column-end properties
grid-column-end Specifies where to end the grid item
grid-column-gap Specifies the size of the gap between columns
grid-column-start Specifies where to start the grid item
grid-gap A shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and grid-column-gap properties
grid-row A shorthand property for the grid-row-start and the grid-row-end properties
grid-row-end Specifies where to end the grid item
grid-row-gap Specifies the size of the gap between rows
grid-row-start Specifies where to start the grid item
grid-template A shorthand property for the grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns and grid-areas properties
grid-template-areas Specifies how to display columns and rows, using named grid items
grid-template-columns Specifies the size of the columns, and how many columns in a grid layout
grid-template-rows Specifies the size of the rows in a grid layout
row-gap Specifies the gap between the grid rows