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How TO - Responsive Form


Learn how to create a responsive form with CSS.


Responsive Form

Resize the browser window to see the effect (the labels and inputs will stack on top of each other instead of next to each other on smaller screens):


How To Create a Responsive Form

Step 1) Add HTML

Use a <form> element to process the input. You can learn more about this in our PHP tutorial.

Add inputs (with a matching label) for each field, and wrap a <div> element around each label and input to set a specified width with CSS:

Example

<div class="container">
  <form action="/action_page.php">
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-25">
        <label for="fname">First Name</label>
      </div>
      <div class="col-75">
        <input type="text" id="fname" name="firstname" placeholder="Your name..">
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-25">
        <label for="lname">Last Name</label>
      </div>
      <div class="col-75">
        <input type="text" id="lname" name="lastname" placeholder="Your last name..">
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-25">
        <label for="country">Country</label>
      </div>
      <div class="col-75">
        <select id="country" name="country">
          <option value="australia">Australia</option>
          <option value="canada">Canada</option>
          <option value="usa">USA</option>
        </select>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <div class="col-25">
        <label for="subject">Subject</label>
      </div>
      <div class="col-75">
        <textarea id="subject" name="subject" placeholder="Write something.." style="height:200px"></textarea>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
      <input type="submit" value="Submit">
    </div>
  </form>
</div>


Step 2) Add CSS:

Example

*/ Style inputs, select elements and textareas */
input[type=text], select, textarea{
  width: 100%;
  padding: 12px;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
  border-radius: 4px;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  resize: vertical;
}

/* Style the label to display next to the inputs */
label {
  padding: 12px 12px 12px 0;
  display: inline-block;
}

/* Style the submit button */
input[type=submit] {
  background-color: #4CAF50;
  color: white;
  padding: 12px 20px;
  border: none;
  border-radius: 4px;
  cursor: pointer;
  float: right;
}

/* Style the container */
.container {
  border-radius: 5px;
  background-color: #f2f2f2;
  padding: 20px;
}

/* Floating column for labels: 25% width */
.col-25 {
  float: left;
  width: 25%;
  margin-top: 6px;
}

/* Floating column for inputs: 75% width */
.col-75 {
  float: left;
  width: 75%;
  margin-top: 6px;
}

/* Clear floats after the columns */
.row:after {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both;
}

/* Responsive layout - when the screen is less than 600px wide, make the two columns stack on top of each other instead of next to each other */
@media (max-width: 600px) {
  .col-25, .col-75, input[type=submit] {
    width: 100%;
    margin-top: 0;
  }
}
Try it Yourself »

Tip: Go to our HTML Form Tutorial to learn more about HTML Forms.

Tip: Go to our CSS Form Tutorial to learn more about how to style form elements.