THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE
×

HOW TO

HowTo Home

Menus

Icon Bar Menu Icon Accordion Tabs Vertical Tabs Tab Headers Top Navigation Responsive Topnav Side Navigation Fullscreen Navigation Off-Canvas Menu Hover Sidenav Buttons Horizontal Scroll Menu Vertical Menu Bottom Navigation Responsive Bottom Nav Fixed Menu Slide Down Bar on Scroll Sticky Navbar Hover Dropdowns Click Dropdowns Dropdown in Navbar Mega Menu Pagination Breadcrumbs Button Group Vertical Button Group

Images

Slideshow Modal Images Lightbox Responsive Image Grid Image Grid Image Overlay Image Effects Image Text Full Page Image Hero Image Rounded Images Meet the Team Flip an Image Shake an Image Portfolio Gallery Portfolio with Filtering

Buttons

Alert Buttons Animated Buttons Social Media Buttons Loading Buttons Next/prev Buttons Round Buttons Scroll To Top Button

Forms

Login Form Signup Form Contact Form Responsive Form Clear Input Field Copy Text to Clipboard Animated Search Custom Checkbox/Radio Toggle Switch Password Validation Toggle Password Visibility Multiple Step Form

Filters

Filter List Filter Table Filter Elements Sort List Sort Table

More

Modal Boxes Timeline Progress Bars Skill Bar Range Sliders Tooltips Popups Calendar Responsive Tables HTML Includes To Do List Loaders Star Rating User Rating Overlay Effect Contact Chips Cards Profile Card Alerts Notes Labels Circles Coupon Fixed Footer Equal Height Clearfix Snackbar Scroll Drawing Pricing Table Parallax Aspect Ratio Build a Web Site Toggle Like/Dislike Toggle Hide/Show Toggle Class Add Class Remove Class Arrows Shapes Vertical Line Animate Icons Countdown Timer Typewriter Coming Soon Page Center Website Thumbnails Chat Messages Testimonials Draggable HTML Element Syntax Highlighter JS Animations

Grid

2 Column Layout 3 Column Layout 4 Column Layout Mixed Column Layout

Google

Google Maps Google Translate Google Charts Google Fonts

Converters

Convert Weight Convert Temperature Convert Length Convert Speed

How TO - Responsive Bottom Navigation


Learn how to create a responsive bottom navigation menu with CSS and JavaScript.


Responsive Bottom Navigation

Resize the browser window to see how the responsive navigation menu works:


Create A Responsive Bottom Navbar

Step 1) Add HTML:

Example

<div class="navbar" id="myNavbar">
  <a href="#home">Home</a>
  <a href="#news">News</a>
  <a href="#contact">Contact</a>
  <a href="#about">About</a>
  <a href="javascript:void(0);" class="icon" onclick="myFunction()">&#9776;</a>
</div>

The link with class="icon" is used to open and close the navbar on small screens.


Step 2) Add CSS:

Example

/* Place the navbar at the bottom of the page, and make it stick */
.navbar {
    background-color: #333;
    overflow: hidden;
    position: fixed;
    bottom: 0;
    width: 100%;
}

/* Style the links inside the navigation bar */
.navbar a {
    float: left;
    display: block;
    color: #f2f2f2;
    text-align: center;
    padding: 14px 16px;
    text-decoration: none;
    font-size: 17px;
}

/* Change the color of links on hover */
.navbar a:hover {
    background-color: #ddd;
    color: black;
}

/* Add a green background color to the active link */
.navbar a.active {
    background-color: #4CAF50;
    color: white;
}

/* Hide the link that should open and close the navbar on small screens */
.navbar .icon {
    display: none;
}


Add media queries:

Example

/* When the screen is less than 600 pixels wide, hide all links, except for the first one ("Home"). Show the link that contains should open and close the navbar (.icon) */
@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
  .navbar a:not(:first-child) {display: none;}
  .navbar a.icon {
    float: right;
    display: block;
  }
}

/* The "responsive" class is added to the navbar with JavaScript when the user clicks on the icon. This class makes the navbar look good on small screens (display the links vertically instead of horizontally) */
@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
  .navbar.responsive a.icon {
    position: absolute;
    right: 0;
    bottom: 0;
  }
  .navbar.responsive a {
    float: none;
    display: block;
    text-align: left;
  }
}

Step 3) Add JavaScript:

Example

/* Toggle between adding and removing the "responsive" class to the navbar when the user clicks on the icon */
function myFunction() {
    var x = document.getElementById("myNavbar");
    if (x.className === "navbar") {
        x.className += " responsive";
    } else {
        x.className = "navbar";
    }
}
Try it Yourself »

Tip: Go to our CSS Navbar Tutorial to learn more about navigation bars.