THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE
×

HOW TO

HowTo Home

Menus

Icon Bar Menu Icon Accordion Tabs Vertical Tabs Tab Headers Top Navigation Responsive Topnav Side Navigation Fullscreen Navigation Off-Canvas Menu Hover Sidenav Buttons Horizontal Scroll Menu Vertical Menu Bottom Navigation Responsive Bottom Nav Fixed Menu Slide Down Bar on Scroll Sticky Navbar Hover Dropdowns Click Dropdowns Dropdown in Navbar Mega Menu Pagination Breadcrumbs Button Group Vertical Button Group

Images

Slideshow Modal Images Lightbox Responsive Image Grid Image Grid Image Overlay Image Effects Image Text Full Page Image Hero Image Rounded Images Meet the Team Flip an Image Shake an Image Portfolio Gallery Portfolio with Filtering

Buttons

Alert Buttons Animated Buttons Social Media Buttons Loading Buttons Next/prev Buttons Round Buttons Scroll To Top Button

Forms

Login Form Signup Form Contact Form Responsive Form Clear Input Field Copy Text to Clipboard Animated Search Custom Checkbox/Radio Toggle Switch Password Validation Toggle Password Visibility Multiple Step Form

Filters

Filter List Filter Table Filter Elements Sort List Sort Table

More

Modal Boxes Timeline Progress Bars Skill Bar Range Sliders Tooltips Popups Calendar Responsive Tables HTML Includes To Do List Loaders Star Rating User Rating Overlay Effect Contact Chips Cards Profile Card Alerts Notes Labels Circles Coupon Fixed Footer Equal Height Clearfix Snackbar Scroll Drawing Pricing Table Parallax Aspect Ratio Build a Web Site Toggle Like/Dislike Toggle Hide/Show Toggle Class Add Class Remove Class Arrows Shapes Vertical Line Animate Icons Countdown Timer Typewriter Coming Soon Page Center Website Thumbnails Chat Messages Testimonials Draggable HTML Element Syntax Highlighter JS Animations

Grid

2 Column Layout 3 Column Layout 4 Column Layout Mixed Column Layout

Google

Google Maps Google Translate Google Charts Google Fonts

Converters

Convert Weight Convert Temperature Convert Length Convert Speed

How TO - Tabs


Learn how to create tabs with CSS and JavaScript.


Tabs

Tabs are perfect for single page web applications, or for web pages capable of displaying different subjects:

London

London is the capital city of England.

Paris

Paris is the capital of France.

Tokyo

Tokyo is the capital of Japan.


Create Togglable Tabs

Step 1) Add HTML:

Example

<div class="tab">
  <button class="tablinks" onclick="openCity(event, 'London')">London</button>
  <button class="tablinks" onclick="openCity(event, 'Paris')">Paris</button>
  <button class="tablinks" onclick="openCity(event, 'Tokyo')">Tokyo</button>
</div>

<div id="London" class="tabcontent">
  <h3>London</h3>
  <p>London is the capital city of England.</p>
</div>

<div id="Paris" class="tabcontent">
  <h3>Paris</h3>
  <p>Paris is the capital of France.</p>
</div>

<div id="Tokyo" class="tabcontent">
  <h3>Tokyo</h3>
  <p>Tokyo is the capital of Japan.</p>
</div>

Create buttons to open specific tab content. All <div> elements with class="tabcontent" are hidden by default (with CSS & JS). When the user clicks on a button - it will open the tab content that "matches" this button.


Step 2) Add CSS:

Style the buttons and the tab content:

Example

/* Style the tab */
div.tab {
    overflow: hidden;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    background-color: #f1f1f1;
}

/* Style the buttons inside the tab */
div.tab button {
    background-color: inherit;
    float: left;
    border: none;
    outline: none;
    cursor: pointer;
    padding: 14px 16px;
    transition: 0.3s;
}

/* Change background color of buttons on hover */
div.tab button:hover {
    background-color: #ddd;
}

/* Create an active/current tablink class */
div.tab button.active {
    background-color: #ccc;
}

/* Style the tab content */
.tabcontent {
    display: none;
    padding: 6px 12px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-top: none;
}


Step 3) Add JavaScript:

Example

function openCity(evt, cityName) {
    // Declare all variables
    var i, tabcontent, tablinks;

    // Get all elements with class="tabcontent" and hide them
    tabcontent = document.getElementsByClassName("tabcontent");
    for (i = 0; i < tabcontent.length; i++) {
        tabcontent[i].style.display = "none";
    }

    // Get all elements with class="tablinks" and remove the class "active"
    tablinks = document.getElementsByClassName("tablinks");
    for (i = 0; i < tablinks.length; i++) {
        tablinks[i].className = tablinks[i].className.replace(" active", "");
    }

    // Show the current tab, and add an "active" class to the button that opened the tab
    document.getElementById(cityName).style.display = "block";
    evt.currentTarget.className += " active";
}
Try it Yourself »

Fade in Tabs:

If you want to fade in the tab content, add the following CSS:

Example

.tabcontent {
    -webkit-animation: fadeEffect 1s;
    animation: fadeEffect 1s; /* Fading effect takes 1 second */
}

@-webkit-keyframes fadeEffect {
    from {opacity: 0;}
    to {opacity: 1;}
}

@keyframes fadeEffect {
    from {opacity: 0;}
    to {opacity: 1;}
}
Try it Yourself »

Show a tab by default

To open a specific tab on page load, use JavaScript to "click" on the specified tab button:

Example

<button class="tablinks" onclick="openCity(event, 'London')" id="defaultOpen">London</button>

<script>
// Get the element with id="defaultOpen" and click on it
document.getElementById("defaultOpen").click();
</script>
Try it Yourself »

Close a tab

If you want to close a specific tab, use JavaScript to hide the tab with a click of a button:

Example

<!-- Click on the <span> element to close the tab -->

<div id="London" class="tabcontent">
  <h3>London</h3>
  <p>London is the capital city of England.</p>
  <span onclick="this.parentElement.style.display='none'">x</span>
</div>
Try it Yourself »

Tip: Also check out How To - Vertical Tabs.