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Node.js MongoDB Limit


Limit the Result

To limit the result in MongoDB, we use the limit() method.

The limit() method takes one parameter, a number defining how many documents to return.

Consider you have a "customers" collection:

customers

[
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a84 , name: 'John', address: 'Highway 71'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a85 , name: 'Peter', address: 'Lowstreet 4'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a86 , name: 'Amy', address: 'Apple st 652'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a87 , name: 'Hannah', address: 'Mountain 21'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a88 , name: 'Michael', address: 'Valley 345'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a89 , name: 'Sandy', address: 'Ocean blvd 2'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8a , name: 'Betty', address: 'Green Grass 1'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8b , name: 'Richard', address: 'Sky st 331'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8c , name: 'Susan', address: 'One way 98'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8d , name: 'Vicky', address: 'Yellow Garden 2'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8e , name: 'Ben', address: 'Park Lane 38'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a8f , name: 'William', address: 'Central st 954'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a90 , name: 'Chuck', address: 'Main Road 989'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a91 , name: 'Viola', address: 'Sideway 1633'}
]

Example

Limit the result to only return 5 documents:

var MongoClient = require('mongodb').MongoClient;
var url = "mongodb://localhost:27017/mydb";

MongoClient.connect(url, function(err, db) {
  if (err) throw err;
  db.collection("customers").find().limit(5).toArray(function(err, result) {
    if (err) throw err;
    console.log(result);
    db.close();
  });
});
Run example »

Save the code above in a file called "demo_mongodb_limit.js" and run the file:

Run "demo_mongodb_limit.js"

C:\Users\Your Name>node demo_mongodb_limit.js

Which will give you this result:

customers

[
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a84 , name: 'John', address: 'Highway 71'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a85 , name: 'Peter', address: 'Lowstreet 4'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a86 , name: 'Amy', address: 'Apple st 652'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a87 , name: 'Hannah', address: 'Mountain 21'},
  { _id: 58fdbf5c0ef8a50b4cdd9a88 , name: 'Michael', address: 'Valley 345'}
]

As you can see from the result above, only the 5 first documents were returned.