THE WORLD'S LARGEST WEB DEVELOPER SITE

Node.js MySQL Create Table


Creating a Table

To create a table in MySQL, use the "CREATE TABLE" statement.

Make sure you define the name of the database when you create the connection:

Example

Create a table named "customers":

var mysql = require('mysql');

var con = mysql.createConnection({
  host: "localhost",
  user: "yourusername",
  password: "yourpassword",
  database: "mydb"
});

con.connect(function(err) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log("Connected!");
  var sql = "CREATE TABLE customers (name VARCHAR(255), address VARCHAR(255))";
  con.query(sql, function (err, result) {
    if (err) throw err;
    console.log("Table created");
  });
});
Run example »

Save the code above in a file called "demo_create_table.js" and run the file:

Run "demo_create_table.js"

C:\Users\Your Name>node demo_create_table.js

Which will give you this result:

Connected!
Table created


Primary Key

When creating a table, you should also create a column with a unique key for each record.

This can be done by defining a column it as "INT AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY" which will insert a unique number for each record. Starting at 1, and increased by one for each record.

Example

Create primary key when creating the table:

var mysql = require('mysql');

var con = mysql.createConnection({
  host: "localhost",
  user: "yourusername",
  password: "yourpassword",
  database: "mydb"
});

con.connect(function(err) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log("Connected!");
  var sql = "CREATE TABLE customers (id INT AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY, name VARCHAR(255), address VARCHAR(255))";
  con.query(sql, function (err, result) {
    if (err) throw err;
    console.log("Table created");
  });
});
Run example »

If the table already exists, use the ALTER TABLE keyword:

Example

Create primary key on an existing table:

var mysql = require('mysql');

var con = mysql.createConnection({
  host: "localhost",
  user: "yourusername",
  password: "yourpassword",
  database: "mydb"
});

con.connect(function(err) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log("Connected!");
  var sql = "ALTER TABLE customers ADD COLUMN id INT AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY";
  con.query(sql, function (err, result) {
    if (err) throw err;
    console.log("Table altered");
  });
});
Run example »