Menu
×
   ❮     
HTML CSS JAVASCRIPT SQL PYTHON JAVA PHP HOW TO W3.CSS C C++ C# BOOTSTRAP REACT MYSQL JQUERY EXCEL XML DJANGO NUMPY PANDAS NODEJS R TYPESCRIPT ANGULAR GIT POSTGRESQL MONGODB ASP AI GO KOTLIN SASS VUE DSA GEN AI SCIPY AWS CYBERSECURITY DATA SCIENCE
     ❯   

PHP Tutorial

PHP HOME PHP Intro PHP Install PHP Syntax PHP Comments PHP Variables PHP Echo / Print PHP Data Types PHP Strings PHP Numbers PHP Casting PHP Math PHP Constants PHP Magic Constants PHP Operators PHP If...Else...Elseif PHP Switch PHP Loops PHP Functions PHP Arrays PHP Superglobals PHP RegEx

PHP Forms

PHP Form Handling PHP Form Validation PHP Form Required PHP Form URL/E-mail PHP Form Complete

PHP Advanced

PHP Date and Time PHP Include PHP File Handling PHP File Open/Read PHP File Create/Write PHP File Upload PHP Cookies PHP Sessions PHP Filters PHP Filters Advanced PHP Callback Functions PHP JSON PHP Exceptions

PHP OOP

PHP What is OOP PHP Classes/Objects PHP Constructor PHP Destructor PHP Access Modifiers PHP Inheritance PHP Constants PHP Abstract Classes PHP Interfaces PHP Traits PHP Static Methods PHP Static Properties PHP Namespaces PHP Iterables

MySQL Database

MySQL Database MySQL Connect MySQL Create DB MySQL Create Table MySQL Insert Data MySQL Get Last ID MySQL Insert Multiple MySQL Prepared MySQL Select Data MySQL Where MySQL Order By MySQL Delete Data MySQL Update Data MySQL Limit Data

PHP XML

PHP XML Parsers PHP SimpleXML Parser PHP SimpleXML - Get PHP XML Expat PHP XML DOM

PHP - AJAX

AJAX Intro AJAX PHP AJAX Database AJAX XML AJAX Live Search AJAX Poll

PHP Examples

PHP Examples PHP Compiler PHP Quiz PHP Exercises PHP Server PHP Certificate

PHP Reference

PHP Overview PHP Array PHP Calendar PHP Date PHP Directory PHP Error PHP Exception PHP Filesystem PHP Filter PHP FTP PHP JSON PHP Keywords PHP Libxml PHP Mail PHP Math PHP Misc PHP MySQLi PHP Network PHP Output Control PHP RegEx PHP SimpleXML PHP Stream PHP String PHP Variable Handling PHP XML Parser PHP Zip PHP Timezones

PHP Casting


Sometimes you need to change a variable from one data type into another, and sometimes you want a variable to have a specific data type. This can be done with casting.


Change Data Type

Casting in PHP is done with these statements:

  • (string) - Converts to data type String
  • (int) - Converts to data type Integer
  • (float) - Converts to data type Float
  • (bool) - Converts to data type Boolean
  • (array) - Converts to data type Array
  • (object) - Converts to data type Object
  • (unset) - Converts to data type NULL

Cast to String

To cast to string, use the (string) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "hello"; // String
$d = true;    // Boolean
$e = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (string) $a;
$b = (string) $b;
$c = (string) $c;
$d = (string) $d;
$e = (string) $e;

//To verify the type of any object in PHP, use the var_dump() function:
var_dump($a);
var_dump($b);
var_dump($c);
var_dump($d);
var_dump($e);
Try it Yourself »

Cast to Integer

To cast to integer, use the (int) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "25 kilometers"; // String
$d = "kilometers 25"; // String
$e = "hello"; // String
$f = true;    // Boolean
$g = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (int) $a;
$b = (int) $b;
$c = (int) $c;
$d = (int) $d;
$e = (int) $e;
$f = (int) $f;
$g = (int) $g;
Try it Yourself »

Cast to Float

To cast to float, use the (float) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "25 kilometers"; // String
$d = "kilometers 25"; // String
$e = "hello"; // String
$f = true;    // Boolean
$g = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (float) $a;
$b = (float) $b;
$c = (float) $c;
$d = (float) $d;
$e = (float) $e;
$f = (float) $f;
$g = (float) $g;
Try it Yourself »

Cast to Boolean

To cast to boolean, use the (bool) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = 0;       // Integer
$d = -1;      // Integer
$e = 0.1;     // Float
$f = "hello"; // String
$g = "";      // String
$h = true;    // Boolean
$i = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (bool) $a;
$b = (bool) $b;
$c = (bool) $c;
$d = (bool) $d;
$e = (bool) $e;
$f = (bool) $f;
$g = (bool) $g;
$h = (bool) $h;
$i = (bool) $i;
Try it Yourself »

If a value is 0, NULL, false, or empty, the (bool) converts it into false, otherwise true.

Even -1 converts to true.


Cast to Array

To cast to array, use the (array) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "hello"; // String
$d = true;    // Boolean
$e = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (array) $a;
$b = (array) $b;
$c = (array) $c;
$d = (array) $d;
$e = (array) $e;
Try it Yourself »

When converting into arrays, most data types converts into an indexed array with one element.

NULL values converts to an empty array object.

Objects converts into associative arrays where the property names becomes the keys and the property values becomes the values:

Example

Converting Objects into Arrays:

class Car {
  public $color;
  public $model;
  public function __construct($color, $model) {
    $this->color = $color;
    $this->model = $model;
  }
  public function message() {
    return "My car is a " . $this->color . " " . $this->model . "!";
  }
}

$myCar = new Car("red", "Volvo");

$myCar = (array) $myCar;
var_dump($myCar);
Try it Yourself »

Cast to Object

To cast to object, use the (object) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "hello"; // String
$d = true;    // Boolean
$e = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (object) $a;
$b = (object) $b;
$c = (object) $c;
$d = (object) $d;
$e = (object) $e;
Try it Yourself »

When converting into objects, most data types converts into a object with one property, named "scalar", with the corresponding value.

NULL values converts to an empty object.

Indexed arrays converts into objects with the index number as property name and the value as property value.

Associative arrays converts into objects with the keys as property names and values as property values.

Example

Converting Arrays into Objects:

$a = array("Volvo", "BMW", "Toyota"); // indexed array
$b = array("Peter"=>"35", "Ben"=>"37", "Joe"=>"43"); // associative array

$a = (object) $a;
$b = (object) $b;
Try it Yourself »

Cast to NULL

To cast to NULL, use the (unset) statement:

Example

$a = 5;       // Integer
$b = 5.34;    // Float
$c = "hello"; // String
$d = true;    // Boolean
$e = NULL;    // NULL

$a = (unset) $a;
$b = (unset) $b;
$c = (unset) $c;
$d = (unset) $d;
$e = (unset) $e;
Try it Yourself »

W3Schools is optimized for learning and training. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. While using W3Schools, you agree to have read and accepted our terms of use, cookie and privacy policy.

Copyright 1999-2024 by Refsnes Data. All Rights Reserved. W3Schools is Powered by W3.CSS.