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PostgreSQL LIKE Operator


LIKE

The LIKE operator is used in a WHERE clause to search for a specified pattern in a column.

There are two wildcards often used in conjunction with the LIKE operator:

  • % The percent sign represents zero, one, or multiple characters
  • _ The underscore sign represents one, single character

Starts with

To return records that starts with a specific letter or phrase, add the % at the end of the letter or phrase.

Example

Return all customers with a name that starts with the letter 'A':

SELECT * FROM customers
WHERE customer_name LIKE 'A%';
Run Example »

Contains

To return records that contains a specific letter or phrase, add the % both before and after the letter or phrase.

Example

Return all customers with a name that contains the letter 'A':

SELECT * FROM customers
WHERE customer_name LIKE '%A%';
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ILIKE

Note: The LIKE operator is case sensitive, if you want to do a case insensitive search, use the ILIKE operator instead.

Example

Return all customers with a name that contains the letter 'A' or 'a':

SELECT * FROM customers
WHERE customer_name ILIKE '%A%';
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Ends with

To return records that ends with a specific letter or phrase, add the % before the letter or phrase.

Example

Return all customers with a name that ends with the phrase 'en':

SELECT * FROM customers
WHERE customer_name LIKE '%en';
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The Undescore _ Wildcard

The _ wildcard represents a single character.

It can be any character or number, but each _ represents one, and only one, character.

Example

Return all customers from a city that starts with 'L' followed by one wildcard character, then 'nd' and then two wildcard characters:

SELECT * FROM customers
WHERE city LIKE 'L_nd__';
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PostgreSQL Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Write the correct SQL statement to select all records where the value of the field model starts with the capital letter 'M'.

SELECT * FROM cars
WHERE model ;
        

Start the Exercise