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PostgreSQL RIGHT JOIN


RIGHT JOIN

The RIGHT JOIN keyword selects ALL records from the "right" table, and the matching records from the "left" table. The result is 0 records from the left side if there is no match.

Let's look at an example using our dummy testproducts table:

 testproduct_id |      product_name      | category_id
----------------+------------------------+-------------
              1 | Johns Fruit Cake       |           3
              2 | Marys Healthy Mix      |           9
              3 | Peters Scary Stuff     |          10
              4 | Jims Secret Recipe     |          11
              5 | Elisabeths Best Apples |          12
              6 | Janes Favorite Cheese  |           4
              7 | Billys Home Made Pizza |          13
              8 | Ellas Special Salmon   |           8
              9 | Roberts Rich Spaghetti |           5
             10 | Mias Popular Ice       |          14
(10 rows)

We will try to join the testproducts table with the categories table:

 category_id | category_name  |                       description
-------------+----------------+------------------------------------------------------------
           1 | Beverages      | Soft drinks, coffees, teas, beers, and ales
           2 | Condiments     | Sweet and savory sauces, relishes, spreads, and seasonings
           3 | Confections    | Desserts, candies, and sweet breads
           4 | Dairy Products | Cheeses
           5 | Grains/Cereals | Breads, crackers, pasta, and cereal
           6 | Meat/Poultry   | Prepared meats
           7 | Produce        | Dried fruit and bean curd
           8 | Seafood        | Seaweed and fish
(8 rows)

Note: Many of the products in testproducts have a category_id that does not match any of the categories in the categories table.

By using RIGHT JOIN we will get all records from categories, even the ones with no match in the testproducts table:

Example

Join testproducts to categories using the category_id column:

SELECT testproduct_id, product_name, category_name
FROM testproducts
RIGHT JOIN categories ON testproducts.category_id = categories.category_id;
Run Example »

Result

All records from categories, and only the matched records from testproducts:

 testproduct_id |      product_name      | category_name
----------------+------------------------+----------------
              1 | Johns Fruit Cake       | Confections
              6 | Janes Favorite Cheese  | Dairy Products
              8 | Ellas Special Salmon   | Seafood
              9 | Roberts Rich Spaghetti | Grains/Cereals
                |                        | Condiments
                |                        | Meat/Poultry
                |                        | Beverages
                |                        | Produce
(8 rows)

Note: RIGHT JOIN and RIGHT OUTER JOIN will give the same result.

OUTER is the default join type for RIGHT JOIN, so when you write RIGHT JOIN the parser actually writes RIGHT OUTER JOIN.


PostgreSQL Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Choose the correct JOIN clause to select all the records from the customers table plus all the matches in the orders table:

SELECT * FROM orders
 customers
ON orders.customer_id = customers.customer_id;
        

Start the Exercise