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SciPy Matlab Arrays


Working With Matlab Arrays

We know that NumPy provides us with methods to persist the data in readable formats for Python. But SciPy provides us with interoperability with Matlab as well.

SciPy provides us with the module scipy.io, which has functions for working with Matlab arrays.


Exporting Data in Matlab Format

The savemat() function allows us to export data in Matlab format.

The method takes the following parameters:

  1. filename - the file name for saving data.
  2. mdict - a dictionary containing the data.
  3. do_compression - a boolean value that specifies whether to compress the result or not. Default False.

Example

Export the following array as variable name "vec" to a mat file:

from scipy import io
import numpy as np

arr = np.arange(10)

io.savemat('arr.mat', {"vec": arr})

Note: The example above saves a file name "arr.mat" on your computer.

To open the file, check out the "Import Data from Matlab Format" example below:


Import Data from Matlab Format

The loadmat() function allows us to import data from a Matlab file.

The function takes one required parameter:

filename - the file name of the saved data.

It will return a structured array whose keys are the variable names, and the corresponding values are the variable values.

Example

Import the array from following mat file.:

from scipy import io
import numpy as np

arr = np.array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,])

# Export:
io.savemat('arr.mat', {"vec": arr})

# Import:
mydata = io.loadmat('arr.mat')

print(mydata)

Result:


 {
   '__header__': b'MATLAB 5.0 MAT-file Platform: nt, Created on: Tue Sep 22 13:12:32 2020',
   '__version__': '1.0',
   '__globals__': [],
   'vec': array([[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]])
 }

Try it Yourself »

Use the variable name "vec" to display only the array from the matlab data:

Example

...

print(mydata['vec'])

Result:


 [[0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]]

Try it Yourself »

Note: We can see that the array originally was 1D, but on extraction it has increased one dimension.

In order to resolve this we can pass an additional argument squeeze_me=True:

Example

# Import:
mydata = io.loadmat('arr.mat', squeeze_me=True)

print(mydata['vec'])

Result:


 [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]

Try it Yourself »

Test Yourself With Exercises

Exercise:

Insert the missing method to export data in Matlab format:

from scipy import io
import numpy as np

arr = np.arange(10)

io.('arr.mat', {"vec": arr})

Start the Exercise