Statistics - Frequency Tables
A frequency table is a way to present data. The data are counted and ordered to summarize larger sets of data.
With a frequency table you can analyze the way the data is distributed across different values.
Frequency means the number of times a value appears in the data. A table can quickly show us how many times each value appears.
If the data has many different values, it is easier to use intervals of values to present them in a table.
Here is the age of the 934 Nobel Prize winners up until the year 2020. In the table each row is an age interval of 10 years.
We can see that there is only one winner from ages 10 to 19. And that the highest number of winners are in their 60s.
Note: The intervals for the values are also called 'bins'.
Relative Frequency Tables
Relative frequency means the number of times a value appears in the data compared to the total amount. A percentage is a relative frequency.
Here are the relative frequencies of ages of Noble Prize winners. Now, all the frequencies are divided by the total (934) to give percentages.
|Age Interval||Relative Frequency|
Cumulative Frequency Tables
Cumulative frequency counts up to a particular value.
Here are the cumulative frequencies of ages of Nobel Prize winners. Now, we can see how many winners have been younger than a certain age.
|Younger than 20||1|
|Younger than 30||3|
|Younger than 40||51|
|Younger than 50||209|
|Younger than 60||445|
|Younger than 70||707|
|Younger than 80||881|
|Younger than 90||931|
|Younger than 100||934|
Cumulative frequency tables can also be made with relative frequencies (percentages).