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PHP fgetc() Function


PHP Filesystem Reference Complete PHP Filesystem Reference

Definition and Usage

The fgetc() function returns a single character from an open file.

Syntax

fgetc(file)

Parameter Description
file Required. Specifies the file to check

Tips and Notes

Note: This function is slow and should not be used on large files. If you need to read one character at a time from a large file, use fgets() to read data one line at a time and then process the line one character at a time with fgetc().


Example 1

<?php
$file = fopen("test2.txt","r");
echo fgetc($file);
fclose($file);
?>

The output of the code above will be:

H

Example 2

Read file character by character:

<?php
$file = fopen("test2.txt","r");

while (! feof ($file))
  {
  echo fgetc($file);
  }

fclose($file);
?>

The output of the code above will be:

Hello, this is a test file.

PHP Filesystem Reference Complete PHP Filesystem Reference