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PHP fgetcsv() Function


PHP Filesystem Reference Complete PHP Filesystem Reference

Definition and Usage

The fgetcsv() function parses a line from an open file, checking for CSV fields.

The fgetcsv() function stops returning on a new line, at the specified length, or at EOF, whichever comes first.

This function returns the CSV fields in an array on success, or FALSE on failure and EOF.

Syntax

fgetcsv(file,length,separator,enclosure)

Parameter Description
file Required. Specifies the file to check
length Optional. Specifies the maximum length of a line. Must be greater than the longest line (in characters) in the CSV file. Omitting this parameter (or setting it to 0) the line length is not limited, which is slightly slower.

Note: This parameter is required in versions prior to PHP 5

separator Optional. A character that specifies the field separator. Default is comma ( , )
enclosure Optional. A character that specifies the field enclosure character. Default is "


Tips and Notes

Tip: Also see the fputcsv() function.


Example 1

<?php
$file = fopen("contacts.csv","r");
print_r(fgetcsv($file));
fclose($file);
?>

The CSV file:

Kai Jim, Refsnes, Stavanger, Norway
Hege, Refsnes, Stavanger, Norway

The output of the code above will be:

Array
(
[0] => Kai Jim
[1] => Refsnes
[2] => Stavanger
[3] => Norway
)


Example 2

<?php
$file = fopen("contacts.csv","r");

while(! feof($file))
  {
  print_r(fgetcsv($file));
  }

fclose($file);
?>

The CSV file:

Kai Jim, Refsnes, Stavanger, Norway
Hege, Refsnes, Stavanger, Norway

The output of the code above will be:

Array
(
[0] => Kai Jim
[1] => Refsnes
[2] => Stavanger
[3] => Norway
)
Array
(
[0] => Hege
[1] => Refsnes
[2] => Stavanger
[3] => Norway
)


PHP Filesystem Reference Complete PHP Filesystem Reference

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