A database holds one or more tables.
The CREATE DATABASE statement is used to create a database table in MySQL.
We must add the CREATE DATABASE statement to the mysqli_query() function to execute the command.
The following example creates a database named "my_db":
The CREATE TABLE statement is used to create a table in MySQL.
We must add the CREATE TABLE statement to the mysqli_query() function to execute the command.
The following example creates a table named "Persons", with three columns. The column names will be "FirstName", "LastName" and "Age":
Note: When you create a database field of type CHAR, you must specify the maximum length of the field, e.g. CHAR(50).
The data type specifies what type of data the column can hold. For a complete
reference of all the data types available in MySQL, go to our complete
Data Types reference.
Each table in a database should have a primary key field.
A primary key is used to uniquely identify the rows in a table. Each primary key value must be unique within the table. Furthermore, the primary key field cannot be null because the database engine requires a value to locate the record.
The following example sets the PID field as the primary key field. The primary key field is often an ID number, and is often used with the AUTO_INCREMENT setting. AUTO_INCREMENT automatically increases the value of the field by 1 each time a new record is added. To ensure that the primary key field cannot be null, we must add the NOT NULL setting to the field:
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