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HTML DOM

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alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap cssFloat font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex
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HTML Objects

<a> <abbr> <address> <area> <article> <aside> <audio> <b> <base> <bdo> <blockquote> <body> <br> <button> <canvas> <caption> <cite> <code> <col> <colgroup> <datalist> <dd> <del> <details> <dfn> <dialog> <div> <dl> <dt> <em> <embed> <fieldset> <figcaption> <figure> <footer> <form> <head> <header> <h1> - <h6> <hr> <html> <i> <iframe> <img> <ins> <input> button <input> checkbox <input> color <input> date <input> datetime <input> datetime-local <input> email <input> file <input> hidden <input> image <input> month <input> number <input> password <input> radio <input> range <input> reset <input> search <input> submit <input> text <input> time <input> url <input> week <kbd> <label> <legend> <li> <link> <map> <mark> <menu> <menuitem> <meta> <meter> <nav> <object> <ol> <optgroup> <option> <output> <p> <param> <pre> <progress> <q> <s> <samp> <script> <section> <select> <small> <source> <span> <strong> <style> <sub> <summary> <sup> <table> <tbody> <td> <tfoot> <th> <thead> <tr> <textarea> <time> <title> <track> <u> <ul> <var> <video>

Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion


HTML DOM removeChild() Method

Element Object

Example

Remove the first <li> element from a list:

var list = document.getElementById("myList");   // Get the <ul> element with id="myList"
list.removeChild(list.childNodes[0]);           // Remove <ul>'s first child node (index 0)

Before removing:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk

After removing:

  • Tea
  • Milk
Try it Yourself »

More "Try it Yourself" examples below.


Definition and Usage

The removeChild() method removes a specified child node of the specified element.

Returns the removed node as a Node object, or null if the node does not exist.

Note: The removed child node is no longer part of the DOM. However, with the reference returned by this method, it is possible to insert the removed child to an element at a later time  (See "More Examples").

Tip: Use the appendChild() or insertBefore() method to insert the removed node into the same document. To insert it to another document, use the document.adoptNode() or document.importNode() method.


Browser Support

Method
removeChild() Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Syntax

node.removeChild(node)

Parameter Values

Parameter Type Description
node Node object Required. The node object you want to remove


Technical Details

Return Value: A Node object, representing the removed node, or null if the node does not exist
DOM Version Core Level 1 Node Object

More Examples

Example

Find out if a list has any child nodes. If so, remove its first child node (index 0):

// Get the <ul> element with id="myList"
var list = document.getElementById("myList");

// If the <ul> element has any child nodes, remove its first child node
if (list.hasChildNodes()) {
  list.removeChild(list.childNodes[0]);
}

Before removing:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk

After removing:

  • Tea
  • Milk
Try it Yourself »

Example

Remove all child nodes of a list:

// Get the <ul> element with id="myList"
var list = document.getElementById("myList");

// As long as <ul> has a child node, remove it
while (list.hasChildNodes()) {  
  list.removeChild(list.firstChild);
}

Before removing:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk

After removing:

Try it Yourself »

Example

Remove a <li> element with id="myLI" from its parent element (without specifying its parent node):

var item = document.getElementById("myLI");
item.parentNode.removeChild(item);

Before removing:

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk

After removing:

  • Coffee
  • Milk
Try it Yourself »

Example

Remove a <li> element from its parent, and insert it again:

var item = document.getElementById("myLI");

function removeLi() {
  item.parentNode.removeChild(item);
}

function appendLi() {
  var list = document.getElementById("myList");
  list.appendChild(item);
}
Try it Yourself »

Example

Remove a <span> element from its parent and insert it to an <h1> element in another document:

var child = document.getElementById("mySpan");

function removeLi() {
  child.parentNode.removeChild(child);
}

function myFunction() {
  var frame = document.getElementsByTagName("IFRAME")[0]
  var h = frame.contentWindow.document.getElementsByTagName("H1")[0];
  var x = document.adoptNode(child);
  h.appendChild(x);
}
Try it Yourself »

Element Object