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alignContent alignItems alignSelf animation animationDelay animationDirection animationDuration animationFillMode animationIterationCount animationName animationTimingFunction animationPlayState background backgroundAttachment backgroundColor backgroundImage backgroundPosition backgroundRepeat backgroundClip backgroundOrigin backgroundSize backfaceVisibility border borderBottom borderBottomColor borderBottomLeftRadius borderBottomRightRadius borderBottomStyle borderBottomWidth borderCollapse borderColor borderImage borderImageOutset borderImageRepeat borderImageSlice borderImageSource borderImageWidth borderLeft borderLeftColor borderLeftStyle borderLeftWidth borderRadius borderRight borderRightColor borderRightStyle borderRightWidth borderSpacing borderStyle borderTop borderTopColor borderTopLeftRadius borderTopRightRadius borderTopStyle borderTopWidth borderWidth bottom boxShadow boxSizing captionSide clear clip color columnCount columnFill columnGap columnRule columnRuleColor columnRuleStyle columnRuleWidth columns columnSpan columnWidth counterIncrement counterReset cursor direction display emptyCells filter flex flexBasis flexDirection flexFlow flexGrow flexShrink flexWrap cssFloat font fontFamily fontSize fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight fontSizeAdjust height isolation justifyContent left letterSpacing lineHeight listStyle listStyleImage listStylePosition listStyleType margin marginBottom marginLeft marginRight marginTop maxHeight maxWidth minHeight minWidth objectFit objectPosition opacity order orphans outline outlineColor outlineOffset outlineStyle outlineWidth overflow overflowX overflowY padding paddingBottom paddingLeft paddingRight paddingTop pageBreakAfter pageBreakBefore pageBreakInside perspective perspectiveOrigin position quotes resize right tableLayout tabSize textAlign textAlignLast textDecoration textDecorationColor textDecorationLine textDecorationStyle textIndent textOverflow textShadow textTransform top transform transformOrigin transformStyle transition transitionProperty transitionDuration transitionTimingFunction transitionDelay unicodeBidi userSelect verticalAlign visibility width wordBreak wordSpacing wordWrap widows zIndex
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Other References

CSSStyleDeclaration JS Conversion


Style widows Property

❮ Style Object

Example

Change the widows and check print or print preview:

<html>
<head>
<script>
function ChangeWidows() {
  document.getElementById("p1").style.widows = document.getElementById("widows").value;
}
</script>
<style>
.othercontent {
  width: 400px;
  border-top: 19cm solid #c3c3c3;
}

@page {
/* set size of printed page */
  size: 21cm 27cm;
  margin-top: 2cm;
}

@media print {
  .widows {
    widows:2;
  }
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<div class="othercontent">
<input id="widows" value="2">
<button onclick="ChangeWidows();">Change widows</button>

<p style="font-size:120%" id="p1">
Change widows and see the print preview.<br>
Line 2<br>
Line 3<br>
Line 4<br>
Line 5<br>
Line 6<br>
Line 7<br>
Line 8<br>
</p>

<div class="othercontent">

</body>
</html>
Try it Yourself »

Definition and Usage

The widows property sets or returns the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the top of a page (for printing or print preview).

The widows property only affects block-level elements.

Tip: widows:5 means that at least 5 lines must be visible below the page break.

Tip: See the orphans property to set or return the minimum number of lines for an element that must be visible at the bottom of a page.


Browser Support

Property
widows Yes Not supported Not supported Not supported Yes


Syntax

Return the widows property:

object.style.widows

Set the widows property:

object.style.widows = "number|initial|inherit"

Property Values

Value Description
number An integer that specifies the minimum number of visible lines. Negative values are not allowed. The default value is 2
initial Sets this property to its default value. Read about initial
inherit Inherits this property from its parent element. Read about inherit

Technical Details

Default Value: 2
Return Value: A String, representing the minimum number of lines to print at the top of the page
CSS Version CSS2

❮ Style Object